L’organisation des activités scientifiques et les relations science industrie. Une illustration par l’analyse des brevets demandés par le CNRS de 1995 à 2005 et par une problématique de la structuration des Génopoles en France

Abstract : The aim of this work consists of an analysis of the scientific activities such that they are organized between the academic and industrial worlds. In a first part, through a parallel between France and the United States, we started off by explaining the setting up, after World War II, of the dichotomous system of scientific knowledge production, establishing an opaque border between public and private research. Then, considering the evolutions of the financial, legal, technological and economic environments, we characterized the alternative system of scientific knowledge coproduction which developed since the end of the 20th century. In a second part, we concentrated on the science-industry relationships in France, through a double approach. The first is based on an analysis of the bibliographical data of the patent applications of CNRS between 1995 and 2005 and the second on an illustration by the French policy of Génopoles. So, the aim is to highlight the main characteristics of the economic valorisation of scientific knowledge carried out by CNRS, as well as various collaborations that it ties in particular with diversified categories of companies. Then, strengthened by the results from the analyses of the patents filed by CNRS, the Genopoles study allowed us to apprehend the means implemented by France in order to adapt to these evolutions as well as the obstacles which persist.
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Sandrine Selosse. L’organisation des activités scientifiques et les relations science industrie. Une illustration par l’analyse des brevets demandés par le CNRS de 1995 à 2005 et par une problématique de la structuration des Génopoles en France. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-02432197⟩

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