Traitement d’antenne adaptatif pour l’imagerie ultrasonore passive de la cavitation

Abstract : This work focuses on the spatio-temporal monitoring of acoustic cavitation by ultrasonic imaging. This is a complex physical phenomenon used in some ultrasound therapy techniques, corresponding to the formation of gas bubbles that oscillate and implode. Initially, the TD-PAM (Time Domain Passive Acoustic Mapping) method was developed to map cavitation activity from acoustic signals emitted by bubbles, passively recorded by a linear ultrasonic imaging probe. However, the TD-PAM suffers from too low resolution and many reconstruction artifacts. In addition, it is time-consuming because it is formalized in the time domain (TD). To overcome these two limitations, it is proposed to study, compare and develop advanced methods of passive ultrasound imaging. This manuscript is structured around three main contributions: An original adaptive method has been formalised in the time domain, based on the amplitude compression of ultrasonic signals by root pth: TD-pPAM. This approach improves the resolution and contrast of cavitation maps for a computing time equivalent to the TD-PAM. The notion of cross-spectral density matrix has been introduced for cavitation imaging. Four Fourier domain (FD) methods were therefore studied and compared: FD-PAM (non-adaptive), Capon Robuste FD-RCB (adaptive, by optimization), Functional Beamforming FD-FB (adaptive, by non-linear compression) and MUltiple Signal Classification FD-MUSIC (adaptive, by subspaces projection). The performance of these FD methods was studied experimentally in vitro in water tank with a comparison by optical imaging. The proposed adaptive FD methods have demonstrated their potential to improve the spatial and temporal tracking of bubbles. The FD-RCB offers a superior localization to the FD-PAM but suffers from a high algorithmic complexity. The performance of the FD-FB is intermediate to that of the FD-PAM and the FD-RCB, for a calculation complexity equivalent to the FD-PAM. The FD-MUSIC has the potential to highlight weak acoustic sources, but does not keep their relative quantifications
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Maxime Polichetti. Traitement d’antenne adaptatif pour l’imagerie ultrasonore passive de la cavitation. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1176⟩. ⟨tel-02437922⟩

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