First investigation of quartz and calcite shape fabrics in strained shales by means of X-ray tomography

Abstract : We document the evolution of the 3D fabric of shale along a km-long strain gradient in the Jaca basin (Southern Pyrenees, Spain). With respect to the distance from a thrust, samples were collected in the cleavage-free domain, at the onset of the pencil-cleavage domain, within the pencil-cleavage domain and within the slaty-cleavage domain. By combining high resolution X-ray computed tomography (XCT) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), the morphology and the Shape Preferred Orientation (SPO) of thousands of quartz grains, calcite grains and pores was studied. In the least deformed samples, quartz and calcite display mean foliation parallel to bedding with comparable dispersion. In the pencil-cleavage domain, quartz foliation still follows the bedding while calcite foliation is mostly governed by cleavage. In the slaty-cleavage domain, calcite shows a much better organization, with foliation parallel to cleavage, mimicking closely the pore fabric. By contrast, the quartz shape fabric is much less defined, scattered between bedding and cleavage planes. This suggests that quartz grain act as rigid marker in the ductile matrix, while calcite grain orientation is governed by dissolution-precipitation processes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 4, 2019 - 12:35:26 PM
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Hugo Saur, Pascale Sénéchal, Tiphaine Boiron, Charles Aubourg, Hannelore Derluyn, et al.. First investigation of quartz and calcite shape fabrics in strained shales by means of X-ray tomography. Journal of Structural Geology, Elsevier, 2020, 130, pp.103905. ⟨10.1016/j.jsg.2019.103905⟩. ⟨hal-02393297⟩

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