Architecture stratigraphique, dynamique sédimentaire et distribution de la matière organique de la formation de la Vaca Muerta (Bassin de Neuquén, Argentine)

Abstract : The Vaca Muerta Formation is the principal source rock in the Neuquén Basin (Argentina). It constitutes also the major unconventional play in Argentina. Therefore, the Vaca Muerta formation stirs up large interest in the oil industry to understand the architecture and the organic matter distribution of this reservoir. Our study proposes an integrated approach, using sedimentology, stratigraphy, mineralogy and geochemistry in order to understand the depositional system and the paleoenvironmental conditions. The ultimate goal of this work is to clarify the stratigraphic relationship between organic-rich level and the basin filling. In the eastern part of the Neuquén basin, the study of 3D seismic allowed us to identify a wave-dominated depositional system and assess the role of the local tectonic and the eustatic control through seismic geometry. We carried out extensive field investigation, including logs and sampling, first in the Picún Leufú Anticline (southern part of the basin) and second, on several areas along a N-S trend over 500 km distance. This study allowed to define two major sectors which evolve differently. The first one corresponds to the central and southern part of the basin (from Picún Leufú Anticline to Chos Malal). There, an evolution from a siliciclastic shelf to a mixed ramp setting is observed during the Tithonian- Valanginian interval. Sediments were redistributed along the shoreface by longshore currents and further transported by storm and gravitary currents basinward. The second sector corresponds to Malargüe area (North area). It displays a perennial carbonate ramp during the Tithonian-Valanginian interval. Sequence stratigraphy analysis of all areas shows an homogeneous signal with five transgressive-regressive sequences in the basin. The geochemistry and clay mineralogy indicate the climate role in the evolution of the sedimentary environments. Geochemistry displays a “normal marine” environment with oxic waters and short-lived episodes of euxinia that coincides with the organic-rich levels. Lastly, the integrated approach, connecting stratigraphy end geochemistry shows four to five organic-rich intervals that coincide with the transgressive systems tract.
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Nesma Krim. Architecture stratigraphique, dynamique sédimentaire et distribution de la matière organique de la formation de la Vaca Muerta (Bassin de Neuquén, Argentine). Planète et Univers [physics]. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-02399339⟩

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