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CRISPR-induced indels and base editing using the Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 in potato

Abstract : Genome editing is now widely used in plant science for both basic research and molecular crop breeding. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) technology, through its precision, high efficiency and versatility, allows for editing of many sites in plant genomes. This system has been highly successful to produce knockout mutants through the introduction of frameshift mutations due to error-prone repair pathways. Nevertheless, recent new CRISPR-based technologies such as base editing and prime editing can generate precise and on demand nucleotide conversion, allowing for fine-tuning of protein function and generating gain-of-function mutants. However, genome editing through CRISPR systems still have some drawbacks and limitations, such as the PAM restriction and the need for more diversity in CRISPR tools to mediate different simultaneous catalytic activities. In this study, we successfully used the CRISPR-Cas9 system from Staphylococcus aureus (SaCas9) for the introduction of frameshift mutations in the tetraploid genome of the cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum). We also developed a S. aureus-cytosine base editor that mediate nucleotide conversions, allowing for precise modification of specific residues or regulatory elements in potato. Our proof-of-concept in potato expand the plant dicot CRISPR toolbox for biotechnology and precision breeding applications.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 3:22:03 PM
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Florian Veillet, Marie-Paule Kermarrec, Laura Chauvin, Jean-Eric Chauvin, Fabien Nogué. CRISPR-induced indels and base editing using the Staphylococcus aureus Cas9 in potato. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2020, 15 (8), pp.e0235942. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0235942⟩. ⟨hal-02944577⟩

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