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Common bean resistance to Xanthomonas is associated with upregulation of the salicylic acid pathway and downregulation of photosynthesis

Abstract : ackground Common bacterial blight (CBB) caused byXanthomonas phaseolipv.phaseoliandXanthomonas citripv.fuscansis one of the major threats to common bean crops (Phaseolus vulgarisL.). Resistance to CBB is particularly complex as 26 quantitative resistance loci to CBB have been described so far. To date, transcriptomic studies after CBB infection have been very scarce and the molecular mechanisms underlying susceptibility or resistance are largely unknown. Results We sequenced and annotated the genomes of two common bean genotypes being either resistant (BAT93) or susceptible (JaloEEP558) to CBB. Reciprocal BLASTp analysis led to a list of 20,787 homologs between these genotypes and the common bean reference genome (G19833), which provides a solid dataset for further comparative analyses. RNA-Seq after inoculation withX. phaseolipv.phaseolishowed that the susceptible genotype initiated a more intense and diverse biological response than the resistant genotype. Resistance was linked to upregulation of the salicylic acid pathway and downregulation of photosynthesis and sugar metabolism, while susceptibility was linked to downregulation of resistance genes and upregulation of the ethylene pathway and of genes involved in cell wall modification. Conclusions This study helps better understanding the mechanisms occurring during the early colonization phase of common bean byXanthomonasand unveils new actors potentially important for resistance and susceptibility to CBB. We discuss the potential link between the pathways induced during bean colonization and genes induced by transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs), as illustrated in otherXanthomonaspathovars.
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Justine Foucher, Mylène Ruh, Anne Preveaux, Sébastien Carrere, Sandra Pelletier, et al.. Common bean resistance to Xanthomonas is associated with upregulation of the salicylic acid pathway and downregulation of photosynthesis. BMC Genomics, 2020, 21 (1), pp.566. ⟨10.1186/s12864-020-06972-6⟩. ⟨hal-02945634⟩

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