Abstract : Even though the study of saliency for color images has been thoroughly investigated in the past, very little attention has been given to datasets that cannot be displayed on traditional computer screens such as spectral images. Nevertheless, more than a means to predict human gaze, the study of saliency primarily allows for measuring infor- mative content. Thus, we propose a novel approach for the computation of saliency maps for spectral images. Based on the Itti model, it in- volves the extraction of both spatial and spectral features, suitable for high dimensionality images. As an application, we present a comparison framework to evaluate how dimensionality reduction techniques convey information from the initial image. Results on two datasets prove the efficiency and the relevance of the proposed approach.