Responsiveness to change and reliability of measurement of radiographic joint space width in osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review

Abstract : Summary Objective The goal of this systematic review was to report the responsiveness to change and reliability of conventional radiographic joint space width (JSW) measurement. Method We searched the PubMed and Embase databases using the following search criteria: [osteoarthritis (OA) (MeSH)] AND (knee) AND (X-ray OR radiography OR diagnostic imaging OR radiology OR disease progression) AND (joint space OR JSW or disease progression). We assessed responsiveness by calculating the standardized response mean (SRM). We assessed reliability using intra- and inter-reader intra-class correlation (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV). Random-effects models were used to pool results from multiple studies. Results were stratified by study duration, design, techniques of obtaining radiographs, and measurement method. Results We identified 998 articles using the search terms. Of these, 32 articles (43 estimates) reported data on responsiveness of JSW measurement and 24 (50 estimates) articles reported data on measures of reliability. The overall pooled SRM was 0.33 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.26, 0.41]. Responsiveness of change in JSW measurement was improved substantially in studies of greater than 2 years duration (0.57). Further stratifying this result in studies of greater than 2 years duration, radiographs obtained with the knee in a flexed position yielded an SRM of 0.71. Pooled intra-reader ICC was estimated at 0.97 (95% CI: 0.92, 1.00) and the intra-reader CV estimated at 3.0 (95% CI: 2.0, 4.0). Pooled inter-reader ICC was estimated at 0.93 (95% CI: 0.86, 0.99) and the inter-reader CV estimated at 3.4% (95% CI: 1.3%, 5.5%). Conclusions Measurement of JSW obtained from radiographs in persons with knee is reliable. These data will be useful to clinicians who are planning RCTs where the change in minimum JSW is the outcome of interest.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00697253
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Soumis le : mardi 15 mai 2012 - 11:11:06
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 février 2019 - 16:48:15
Document(s) archivé(s) le : jeudi 16 août 2012 - 02:25:30

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W.M. Reichmann, J.F. Maillefert, D.J. Hunter, J.N. Katz, P.G. Conaghan, et al.. Responsiveness to change and reliability of measurement of radiographic joint space width in osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Elsevier, 2011, 19, pp.550-556. ⟨hal-00697253⟩

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