L. Anderson, . Jr, C. Rebholz, L. White, P. Mitchell et al., The Impact of Footwear and Packweight on Injury and Illness Among Long-Distance Hikers, Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, vol.20, issue.3, pp.250-256, 2009.
DOI : 10.1580/08-WEME-OR-196R2.1

J. Balmer, S. Bird, and R. Davison, Indoor 16.1-km time-trial performance in cyclists aged 25???????63 years, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.30, issue.1, pp.57-62, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00776589

J. Balmer, S. Bird, R. Davison, and L. A. , Effect of age on 16.1-km time-trial performance, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.80, issue.2, pp.197-206, 2008.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200006000-00021

D. Bentley, G. Millet, V. Vleck, and L. Macnaughton, Specific Aspects of Contemporary Triathlon, Sports Medicine, vol.18, issue.4, pp.345-359, 2002.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-200232060-00001

T. Bernard, F. Sultana, R. Lepers, C. Hausswirth, and J. Brisswalter, Age-Related Decline in Olympic Triathlon Performance: Effect of Locomotion Mode, Experimental Aging Research, vol.84, issue.1, pp.64-78, 2010.
DOI : 10.1177/0363546507309673

M. Bonnefoy, T. Kostka, L. Arsac, S. Berthouze, and J. Lacour, Peak anaerobic power in elderly men, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.77, issue.1-2, pp.182-188, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s004210050318

A. Donato, K. Tench, D. Glueck, D. Seals, I. Eskurza et al., Declines in physiological functional capacity with age: a longitudinal study in peak swimming performance, Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.94, issue.2, pp.764-769, 2003.
DOI : 10.1152/japplphysiol.00438.2002

C. Easthope, C. Hausswirth, J. Louis, R. Lepers, F. Vercruyssen et al., Effects of a trail running competition on muscular performance and efficiency in well-trained young and master athletes, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.261, issue.1, pp.1107-1116, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-010-1597-1

J. Faulkner, C. Davis, C. Mendias, and S. Brooks, The Aging of Elite Male Athletes: Age-Related Changes in Performance and Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function, Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol.18, issue.6, pp.501-517, 2008.
DOI : 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181845f1c

M. Hoffman and J. Wegelin, The Western States 100-Mile Endurance Run, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.41, issue.12, pp.2191-2198, 2009.
DOI : 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181a8d553

F. Impellizzeri and S. Marcora, The Physiology of Mountain Biking, Sports Medicine, vol.33, issue.4, pp.59-71, 2007.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-200737010-00005

F. Impellizzeri, A. Sassi, M. Rodriguez-alonso, P. Mognoni, and S. Marcora, Exercise intensity during off-road cycling competitions, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol.34, issue.11, pp.1808-1813, 2002.
DOI : 10.1097/00005768-200211000-00018

T. Kostka, Quadriceps maximal power and optimal shortening velocity in 335 men aged 23???88??years, European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol.15, issue.Suppl, pp.140-155, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s00421-005-1390-8

R. Lepers and P. Stapley, Differences in gender and performance in off-road triathlon, Journal of Sports Sciences, vol.82, issue.14, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.01.006

R. Lepers, F. Sultana, T. Bernard, C. Hausswirth, and J. Brisswalter, Age-Related Changes in Triathlon Performances, International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.31, issue.04, pp.251-256, 2010.
DOI : 10.1055/s-0029-1243647

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00752141

R. Lepers and N. Maffiuletti, Age and Gender Interactions in Ultra-Endurance Performance: Insight from Triathlon, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2010.

J. Mccrory, A. Salacinski, S. Hunt, and S. Greenspan, Thigh Muscle Strength in Senior Athletes and Healthy Controls, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol.23, issue.9, pp.2430-2436, 2009.
DOI : 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bab46d

D. Sturnieks, S. George, R. Lord, and S. , Balance disorders in the elderly, Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, vol.38, issue.6, pp.467-478, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neucli.2008.09.001

H. Tanaka and D. Seals, Age and gender interactions in physiological functional capacity: insight from swimming performance, J Appl Physiol, vol.82, pp.846-851, 1997.

H. Tanaka and D. Seals, Endurance exercise performance in Masters athletes: age-associated changes and underlying physiological mechanisms, The Journal of Physiology, vol.75, issue.1, pp.55-63, 2008.
DOI : 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.141879

M. Tomikawa, Y. Shimoyama, and T. Nomura, Factors related to the advantageous effects of wearing a wetsuit during swimming at different submaximal velocity in triathletes, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol.11, issue.4, pp.417-423, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.02.005

S. Trappe, Marathon Runners, Sports Medicine, vol.271, issue.4, pp.302-305, 2007.
DOI : 10.2165/00007256-200737040-00008

V. Vleck, D. Bentley, G. Millet, and A. Bürgi, Pacing during an elite Olympic distance triathlon: Comparison between male and female competitors, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol.11, issue.4, pp.424-432, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.01.006