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Action representation in patients with bilateral vestibular impairments.

Abstract : During mental actions subjects feel themselves performing a movement without any corresponding motor output. Although broad information is available regarding the influence of central lesions on action representation, little is known about how peripheral damages affect mental events. In the current study, we investigated whether lack of vestibular information influences action representation. Twelve healthy adults and twelve patients with bilateral vestibular damage actually performed and mentally simulated walking and drawing. The locomotor paths implied one (first walking task) and four (second walking task) changes in the walking direction. In the drawing task, participants drew on a sheet of paper a path that was similar to that of the second walking task. We recorded and compared between the two groups the timing of actual and mental movements. We found significant temporal discrepancies between actual and mental walking movements in the group of patients. Conversely, drawing actual and drawing mental durations were similar. For the control group, an isochrony between mental and actual movements was observed for the three tasks. This result denotes an inconsistency between action representation and action execution following vestibular damage, which is specific to walking movements, and emphasizes the role of the vestibular system upon mental states of actions. This observation may have important clinical implications. During action planning vestibular patients may overestimate the capacity of their motor system (imaging faster, executing slower) with harmful consequences for their health.
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Contributeur : Charalambos Papaxanthis <>
Soumis le : mercredi 18 septembre 2013 - 14:02:12
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 14:10:07

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Laurent Demougeot, Michel Toupet, Christian van Nechel, Charalambos Papaxanthis. Action representation in patients with bilateral vestibular impairments.. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2011, 6 (10), pp.e26764. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0026764⟩. ⟨hal-00863193⟩



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