Space representation in children with dyslexia and children without dyslexia: Contribution of line bisection and circle centering tasks

Abstract : Line bisection tasks (different space locations and different line lengths) and circle centering tasks (visuo-proprioceptive and proprioceptive explorations, with left or right starting positions) were used to investigate space representation in children with dyslexia and children without dyslexia. In line bisection, children with dyslexia showed a significant rightward bias for central and right-sided locations and a leftward bias for left-sided location. Furthermore, the spatial context processing was asymmetrically more efficient in the left space. In children without dyslexia, no significant bias was observed in central lines but the spatial context processing was symmetrical in both spaces. When the line length varied, no main effect was shown. These results strengthen the ‘inverse pseudoneglect’ hypothesis in dyslexia. In the lateral dimension of the circle centering tasks, children showed a response bias in the direction of the starting hand location for proprioceptive condition. For radial dimension, the children showed a forward bias in visuo-proprioceptive condition and more backward error in proprioceptive condition. Children with dyslexia showed a forward bias in clockwise exploration and more accurate performance in counterclockwise exploration for left starting position which may be in accordance with leftward asymmetrical spatial context processing in line bisection. These results underline the necessity to use the line bisection task with different locations as an appropriate experimental paradigm to study lateral representational bias in dyslexia. The contribution of the present results in the understanding of space representation in children with dyslexia and children without dyslexia is discussed in terms of attentional processes and neuroanatomical substrate.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01084915
Contributeur : Carine Michel <>
Soumis le : jeudi 20 novembre 2014 - 13:09:36
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 14:31:05

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Stéphanie Vieira, Patrick Quercia, François Bonnetblanc, Carine Michel. Space representation in children with dyslexia and children without dyslexia: Contribution of line bisection and circle centering tasks. Research in Developmental Disabilities, Elsevier, 2013, 34 (11), pp.3997-4008. ⟨10.1016/j.ridd.2013.08.031⟩. ⟨hal-01084915⟩

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