Overview of ghost correction for HDR video stream generation

Abstract : Most digital cameras use low dynamic range image sensors, these LDR sensors can capture only a limited luminance dynamic range of the scene[1], to about two orders of magnitude (about 256 to 1024 levels). However, the dynamic range of real-world scenes varies over several orders of magnitude (10.000 levels). To overcome this limitation, several methods exist for creating high dynamic range (HDR) image (expensive method uses dedicated HDR image sensor and low-cost solutions using a conventional LDR image sensor). Large number of low-cost solutions applies a temporal exposure bracketing. The HDR image may be constructed with a HDR standard method (an additional step called tone mapping is required to display the HDR image on conventional system), or by fusing LDR images in different exposures time directly, providing HDR-like[2] images which can be handled directly by LDR image monitors. Temporal exposure bracketing solution is used for static scenes but it cannot be applied directly for dynamic scenes or HDR videos since camera or object motion in bracketed exposures creates artifacts called ghost[3], in HDR image. There are a several technics allowing the detection and removing ghost artifacts (Variance based ghost detection, Entropy based ghost detection, Bitmap based ghost detection, Graph-Cuts based ghost detection …) [4], nevertheless most of these methods are expensive in calculating time and they cannot be considered for real-time implementations. The originality and the final goal of our work are to upgrade our current smart camera allowing HDR video stream generation with a sensor full-resolution (1280x1024) at 60 fps [5]. The HDR stream is performed using exposure bracketing techniques (obtained with conventional LDR image sensor) combined with a tone mapping algorithm. In this paper, we propose an overview of the different methods to correct ghost artifacts which are available in the state of art. The selection of algorithms is done concerning our final goal which is real-time hardware implementation of the ghost detection and removing phases. .
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Communication dans un congrès
4th Workshop on the Architecture of Smart Cameras, Jun 2015, Santiago de Compostella, Spain. 2015
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01196884
Contributeur : Dominique Ginhac <>
Soumis le : jeudi 10 septembre 2015 - 15:24:18
Dernière modification le : mardi 15 septembre 2015 - 01:03:06
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mardi 29 décembre 2015 - 00:04:02

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Mustapha Bouderbane, Pierre-Jean Lapray, Julien Dubois, Barthélémy Heyrman, Dominique Ginhac. Overview of ghost correction for HDR video stream generation. 4th Workshop on the Architecture of Smart Cameras, Jun 2015, Santiago de Compostella, Spain. 2015. <hal-01196884>

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