Motor Activity Improves Temporal Expectancy

Abstract : Certain brain areas involved in interval timing are also important in motor activity. This raises the possibility that motor activity might influence interval timing. To test this hypothesis, we assessed interval timing in healthy adults following different types of training. The pre- and post-training tasks consisted of a button press in response to the presentation of a rhythmic visual stimulus. Alterations in temporal expectancy were evaluated by measuring response times. Training consisted of responding to the visual presentation of regularly appearing stimuli by either: (1) pointing with a whole-body movement, (2) pointing only with the arm, (3) imagining pointing with a whole-body movement, (4) simply watching the stimulus presentation, (5) pointing with a whole-body movement in response to a target that appeared at irregular intervals (6) reading a newspaper. Participants performing a motor activity in response to the regular target showed significant improvements in judgment times compared to individuals with no associated motor activity. Individuals who only imagined pointing with a whole-body movement also showed significant improvements. No improvements were observed in the group that trained with a motor response to an irregular stimulus, hence eliminating the explanation that the improved temporal expectations of the other motor training groups was purely due to an improved motor capacity to press the response button. All groups performed a secondary task equally well, hence indicating that our results could not simply be attributed to differences in attention between the groups. Our results show that motor activity, even when it does not play a causal or corrective role, can lead to improved interval timing judgments.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01302359
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 14 avril 2016 - 10:09:56
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 14:10:07

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Lilian Fautrelle, Denis Mareschal, Robert M. French, Caspar Addyman, Elizabeth Thomas. Motor Activity Improves Temporal Expectancy. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (3), ⟨http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0119187⟩. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0119187⟩. ⟨hal-01302359⟩

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