What are the effects of the aging of the neuromuscular system on postural stability?

Abstract : Aging is frequently associated with a decreased postural stability, essentially after 60 years, leading to an increased risk of falling. In this article we propose to highlight the influence of the aging of the neuromuscular system on postural stability when standing upright. To maintain balance while standing upright, human needs to control the activity of ankle muscles and particularly the plantar flexors. During the aging process, the performance of these muscles are strongly altered. It is commonly observed large deficits in elderly people with history of falls. Some authors reported an inverse correlation between the amplitude of postural sway and the capacity of force production of ankle muscles suggesting that the assessment of neuromuscular function could be an index of postural stability or even of the falling risk. Finally, enhance the strength of ankle muscles in elderly through physical exercise could be an adequate intervention to improve postural stability and reduce the incidence of falls.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01304196
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mardi 19 avril 2016 - 12:12:52
Dernière modification le : lundi 25 mars 2019 - 15:40:03

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Thomas Cattagni, Gil Scaglioni, Christophe Cornu, Gilles Berrut, Alain Martin. What are the effects of the aging of the neuromuscular system on postural stability?. Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement, John Libbey Eurotext, 2015, 13 (4), pp.363-380. ⟨http://www.jle.com/en/revues/gpn/e-docs/quelle_est_linfluence_du_vieillissement_de_la_fonction_neuromusculaire_sur_le_controle_de_lequilibre__306048/article.phtml⟩. ⟨10.1684/pnv.2015.0570⟩. ⟨hal-01304196⟩

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