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Etanercept improves endothelial function via pleiotropic effects in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis

Abstract : Objectives. To determine the effect of etanercept on endothelial dysfunction and on traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in the adjuvant- induced arthritis ( AIA) rat model.Methods. At the first signs of arthritis, etanercept (10 mg/kg/3 days, s.c.) or saline was administered for 3 weeks in AIA rats. Body weights and arthritis scores were monitored daily. Endothelial function was studied in aortic rings relaxed with acetylcholine (Ach) with or without inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2), arginase, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and superoxide anions (O(2)(-)A degrees) production. Aortic expression of endothelial nitic oxide synthase (eNOS), Ser1177-phospho-eNOS, COX-2, arginase-2, p22(phox) and p47(phox) was evaluated by western blotting analysis. Blood pressure, heart rate and blood levels of triglycerides, cholesterol and glucose were measured.Results. Etanercept significantly reduced arthritis score (P < 0.001). It improved Ach-induced relaxation (P < 0.05) as a result of increased NOS activity, decreased COX-2/arginase activities and decreased O(2)(-)A degrees production. These functional effects relied on increased eNOS expression and phosphorylation, and decreased COX-2, arginase-2 and p22(phox) expressions. No correlation was found between arthritis score and Ach-induced relaxation. The treatment did not change triglycerides, cholesterol and glucose levels, but significantly increased systolic blood pressure and heart rate (P < 0.05).Conclusion. Our data demonstrated that efficient dosage of etanercept on inflammatory symptoms improved endothelial function in AIA. This beneficial effect on endothelial function is disconnected from its impact on CV risk factors and relates to pleiotropic effects of etanercept on endothelial pathways. These results suggest that etanercept could be a good choice for patients with rheumatoid arthritis at high risk of CV events.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01376195
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mardi 4 octobre 2016 - 14:18:08
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 03:45:06

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Perle Totoson, Katy Maguin-Gaté, Anne Prigent-Tessier, Alice Monnier, Frank Verhoeven, et al.. Etanercept improves endothelial function via pleiotropic effects in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis. Rheumatology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 55 (7), pp.1308 - 1317. ⟨10.1093/rheumatology/kew062⟩. ⟨hal-01376195⟩

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