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The use of national administrative data to describe the spatial distribution of in-hospital mortality following stroke in France, 2008–2011

Abstract : Background: In the context of implementing the National Stroke Plan in France, a spatial approach was used to measure inequalities in this disease. Using the national PMSI-MCO databases, we analyzed the in-hospital prevalence of stroke and established a map of in-hospital mortality rates with regard to the socio-demographic structure of the country. Methods: The principal characteristics of patients identified according to ICD10 codes relative to stroke (in accordance with earlier validation work) were studied. A map of standardized mortality rates at the level of PMSI geographic codes was established. An exploratory analysis (principal component analysis followed by ascending hierarchical classification) using INSEE socio-economic data and mortality rates was also carried out to identify different area profiles. Results: Between 2008 and 2011, the number of stroke patients increased by 3.85 %, notably for ischemic stroke in the 36-55 years age group (60 % of men). Over the same period, in-hospital mortality fell, and the map of standardized rates illustrated the diagonal of high mortality extending from the north-east to the south-west of the country. The most severely affected areas were also those with the least favorable socio-professional indicators. Conclusions: The PMSI-MCO database is a major source of data on the health status of the population. It can be used for the area-by-area observation of the performance of certain healthcare indicators, such as in-hospital mortality, or to follow the implementation of the National Stroke Plan. Our study showed the interplay between social and demographic factors and stroke-related in-hospital mortality. The map derived from the results of the exploratory analysis illustrated a variety of areas where social difficulties, aging and high mortality seemed to meet. The study raises questions about access to neuro-vascular care in isolated areas and in those in demographic decline. Telemedicine appears to be the solution favored by decision makers. The aging of the population managed for stroke must not mask the growing incidence in younger people, which raises questions about the development of classical (smoking, hypertension) or new (drug abuse) risk factors.
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Contributeur : CEP - université de Bourgogne Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 20 octobre 2016 - 11:46:54
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 02:28:36

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Adrien Roussot, Jonathan Cottenet, Maryse Gadreau, Maurice Giroud, Yannick Béjot, et al.. The use of national administrative data to describe the spatial distribution of in-hospital mortality following stroke in France, 2008–2011. International Journal of Health Geographics, 2016, 15 (1), ⟨10.1186/s12942-015-0028-2⟩. ⟨hal-01384629⟩



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