Trait self-esteem and claimed self-handicapping motives in sports situations

Abstract : We examined the relationship between physical self-esteem and claimed self-handicapping among athletes by taking motives into consideration. In Study 1, 99 athletes were asked to report their tendency to engage in claimed self-handicapping for self-protective and self-enhancement motives (trait measures). Low self-esteem athletes reported a higher tendency to engage in claimed self-handicapping for these two motives compared with high self-esteem athletes. Neither low nor high self-esteem athletes reported a preference for one motive over the other. In Study 2, 107 athletes participated in a test that was ostensibly designed to assess high physical abilities - and thus to encourage self-handicapping for self-enhancement motives (success-meaningful condition) - or to assess low physical abilities, and thus to encourage self-handicapping for self-protective motives (failure-meaningful condition). Before starting the test, athletes were given the opportunity to claim handicaps that could impair their performance. Low self-esteem athletes claimed more handicaps than high self-esteem athletes in both conditions. Findings suggest that low physical self-esteem athletes engage more in claimed handicapping regardless of motives, relative to high physical self-esteem athletes.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01390547
Contributeur : Nathalie Cartierre <>
Soumis le : mercredi 2 novembre 2016 - 10:42:14
Dernière modification le : jeudi 27 juin 2019 - 11:46:04

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Lucie Finez, Sophie Berjot, Elisabeth Rosnet, Christena Cleveland, Dianne Tice. Trait self-esteem and claimed self-handicapping motives in sports situations. Journal of Sports Sciences, Taylor & Francis: SSH Journals, 2012, 30 (16), ⟨http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjsp20/current⟩. ⟨10.1080/02640414.2012.718089⟩. ⟨hal-01390547⟩

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