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Odorant Metabolism Analysis by an Automated Ex Vivo Headspace Gas-Chromatography Method

Abstract : In the olfactory epithelium (OE), odorant metabolizing enzymes have the dual function of volatile component detoxification and active clearance of odorants from the perireceptor environment to respectively maintain the integrity of the tissues and the sensitivity of the detection. Although emphasized by recent studies, this enzymatic mechanism is poorly documented in mammals. Thus, olfactory metabolism has been characterized mainly in vitro and for a limited number of odorants. The automated ex vivo headspace gas-chromatography method that was developed here was validated to account for odorant olfactory metabolism. This method easily permits the measurement of the fate of an odorant in the OE environment, taking into account the odorant gaseous state and the cellular structure of the tissue, under experimental conditions close to physiological conditions and with a high reproducibility. We confirmed here our previous results showing that a high olfactory metabolizing activity of the mammary pheromone may be necessary to maintain a high level of sensitivity toward this molecule, which is critical for newborn rabbit survival. More generally, the method that is presented here may permit the screening of odorants metabolism alone or in mixture or studying the impact of aging, pathology, polymorphism or inhibitors on odorant metabolism., (C) Copyright Oxford University Press 2016.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01398990
Contributeur : Csga - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 18 novembre 2016 - 10:33:19
Dernière modification le : vendredi 14 août 2020 - 03:18:42

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Philippe Faure, Arièle Legendre, Hassan-Ismail Hanser, Isabelle Andriot, Yves Artur, et al.. Odorant Metabolism Analysis by an Automated Ex Vivo Headspace Gas-Chromatography Method. Chemical Senses, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 41 (1), pp.15 - 23. ⟨10.1093/chemse/bjv055⟩. ⟨hal-01398990⟩

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