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ApoA-II HDL Catabolism and Its Relationships With the Kinetics of ApoA-I HDL and of VLDL1, in Abdominal Obesity

Abstract : Context: The metabolism of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is severely impaired in individuals with abdominal obesity. However, the specific metabolism of apolipoprotein (apo)-A-II, the second major apolipoprotein of HDL, remains poorly known. The relationships between HDL apoA-II catabolism and other metabolic variables that may be modified in abdominal obesity, such as very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) subspecies (VLDL1, VLDL2) kinetics, remain to be investigated. Objectives: Our aim was to study the associations between apoA-II fractional catabolic rate (FCR) and the kinetics of VLDL subspecies and apoA-I. Design: We carried out a multicenter in vivo kinetic study using stable isotopes (deuterated leucine and glycerol) in 62 individuals with abdominal obesity. Results: In a univariate analysis, apoA-II FCR was positively correlated with body mass index, sc fat, liver fat, apoA-I FCR, apoA-I production rate (PR), apoA-II pool, apoA-II PR, VLDL1-triglyceride PR, VLDL2-triglyceride PR, VLDL2-triglyceride (TG) FCR, and VLDL2-apoB FCR and negatively with HDL cholesterol to apoA-I ratio. After adjustment for apoA-I FCR, a strong positive correlation between apoA-II FCR and VLDL1-TG indirect FCR was observed (r = 0.520, P < .0001). In a multivariate analysis, apoA-II FCR was independently and positively associated with apoA-I FCR (P < .0001) and VLDL1-TG indirect FCR (P < .0001). Both variables explained 59.7% of the variability in apoA-II FCR. Conclusions: We show that, in abdominally obese individuals, apoA-II FCR is positively and independently associated with both apoA-I FCR and VLDL1-TG indirect FCR. These data suggest that, in a condition of delayed VLDL1 catabolism, such as abdominal obesity, retention of apoA-II in the VLDL1 pool may occur, with an effect on apoA-II catabolism. The consequences of this link between VLDL1 catabolism and apoA-II catabolism remain to be determined.
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Contributeur : LNC - université de Bourgogne Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 6 janvier 2017 - 10:57:32
Dernière modification le : vendredi 20 mai 2022 - 09:06:09

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Bruno Vergès, Martin Adiels, Jan Boren, Peter Hugh Barrett, Gerald F. Watts, et al.. ApoA-II HDL Catabolism and Its Relationships With the Kinetics of ApoA-I HDL and of VLDL1, in Abdominal Obesity. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2016, 101 (4), pp.1398 - 1406. ⟨10.1210/jc.2015-3740⟩. ⟨hal-01427949⟩



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