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Reduction of bromate anion via autocatalytic redox-mediation by Br2/Br− redox couple. Theory for stationary 1D regime. Effect of different Nernst layer thicknesses for reactants

Abstract : Theoretical analysis has been developed for the reduction process of the non-electroactive bromate anion via a redox-mediating cycle composed of the reversible Br-2-to-Br- transformation at the electrode and of the irreversible (owing to high acidity of the solution) comproportionation reaction between Br- and BrO3- which regenerates Br-2. Owing to the autocatalytic character of this cycle (EC '' mechanism) even a tracer amount of Br-2 in the bulk solution may result in enormous values of the reduction current compared to the BrO3- diffusion-limited one towards the electrode surface where it is consumed inside a thin kinetic layer by the comproportionation reaction. Unlike the preceding theoretical papers on this process (Electrochim. Acta, 2015, 173, 779; Doklady Phys. Chem., 2016,468,37; Russ. J. Electrochem., 2016, 52, in press), this study is based on a more advanced theoretical concept of the Generalized Nernst-Layer Model which takes into account that the difference in the diffusion coefficients of BrO3-, Br- and Br-2 means the non-equality of the diffusion layer thicknesses for these species, as evidenced by the Levich formula for the RDE. Approximate analytical expressions for all characteristics of the system have been derived for two regimes corresponding either to "weak currents" or to "thin kinetic layer". In particular, the maximal current for the diffusion-limited conditions has turned out to depend on the novel parameter of the model, i.e. on the ratio of the diffusion layer thicknesses for BrO3- and Br-2, which in its turn is expressed via the ratio of their diffusion coefficients. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01428213
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Soumis le : vendredi 6 janvier 2017 - 12:39:57
Dernière modification le : mercredi 4 septembre 2019 - 17:36:02

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Mikhail A. Vorotyntsev, Anatoly E. Antipov. Reduction of bromate anion via autocatalytic redox-mediation by Br2/Br− redox couple. Theory for stationary 1D regime. Effect of different Nernst layer thicknesses for reactants. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Elsevier 2016, 779, pp.146 - 155. ⟨10.1016/j.jelechem.2016.06.004⟩. ⟨hal-01428213⟩

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