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Comparative morphological characteristics of three Brettanomyces bruxellensis wine strains in the presence/absence of sulfur dioxide

Abstract : The red wine spoilage yeast Brettanomyces bruxellensis has been the subject of numerous investigations. Some of these studies focused on spoilage mechanisms, sulfur dioxide tolerance and nutrient requirements. Pseudomycelium formation, although a striking feature of this species, has however been poorly investigated. Furthermore, literature regarding the induction mechanism of pseudomycelium formation in this yeast is limited and lacks clarity, as results published are contradictory. This study elucidates this phenomenon among strains from geographically different areas. Potential environmental cues were investigated, to attain a better understanding of this mechanism and its role as a survival strategy. SO2 was previously reported to induce this morphological change however results obtained in this study did not support this. Nevertheless, the results obtained using scanning and transmission electron microscopy illustrate, for the first time in this yeast, deformity to the cell membrane and alterations to the fibrillar layers in SO2 treated cells. In addition, the SO2 exposed cultures displayed cell size variations, with cells displaying a decrease in length as well as delayed growth, with a prolonged lag phase. Fluorescence microscopy demonstrated a decrease in metabolic activity and the appearance of inclusion body-like structures in the cells following exposure to SO2.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01466625
Contributeur : Pam - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 13 février 2017 - 16:20:45
Dernière modification le : jeudi 18 juillet 2019 - 09:32:03

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Marlie Louw, Maret Du Toit, Hervé Alexandre, Benoit Divol,. Comparative morphological characteristics of three Brettanomyces bruxellensis wine strains in the presence/absence of sulfur dioxide. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Elsevier, 2016, 238, pp.79-88. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2016.08.040⟩. ⟨hal-01466625⟩

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