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Acute effects of static stretching on muscle–tendon mechanics of quadriceps and plantar flexor muscles

Abstract : Purpose This study aimed to determine the acute effects of static stretching on stiffness indexes of two muscle groups with a contrasting difference in muscle–tendon proportion. Methods Eleven active males were tested on an isokinetic dynamometer during four sessions randomly presented. Two sessions were dedicated to quadriceps and the two others to triceps surae muscles. Before and immediately after the stretching procedure (5 × 30 s), gastrocnemius medialis and rectus femoris fascicle length and myotendinous junction elongation were determined using ultrasonography. Passive and maximal voluntary torques were measured. Fascicle and myotendinous junction stiffness indexes were calculated. Results After stretching, maximal voluntary torque similarly decreased for both muscle groups. Passive torque significantly decreased on triceps surae and remained unchanged on quadriceps muscles. Fascicle length increased similarly for both muscles. However, myotendinous junction elongation remained unchanged for gastrocnemius medialis and increased significantly for rectus femoris muscle. Fascicle stiffness index significantly decreased on medial gastrocnemius and remained unchanged on rectus femoris muscle. In contrast, myotendinous junction stiffness index similarly decreased on both muscles. Conclusion Depending on the muscle considered, the present results revealed different acute stretching effects. This muscle dependency appeared to affect primarily fascicle stiffness index rather than the myotendinous junction.
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Soumis le : vendredi 26 mai 2017 - 16:53:45
Dernière modification le : dimanche 25 octobre 2020 - 07:06:25



Tom Bouvier, Jules Opplert, Carole Cometti, Nicolas Babault. Acute effects of static stretching on muscle–tendon mechanics of quadriceps and plantar flexor muscles. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Springer Verlag, 2017, pp.1-7. ⟨10.1007/s00421-017-3618-9⟩. ⟨hal-01528019⟩



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