The combination of Bleomycin with TRAIL agonists or PKC inhibitors sensitizes solid tumor cells to BLM-mediated apoptosis: new strategies to overcome chemotherapy resistance of tumors

Abstract : In this study we evaluated the effects of low dose of bleomycin in an associative treatment strategy in solid tumor cells. For this purpose, Human and murine colon cancer (SW480, HCT8, and CT26), and murine melanoma (B16-F10) cells were treated with different agents including protein kinase C, and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase inhibitors, and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. Apoptosis was identified by morphological criteria. Reactive oxygen species are evaluated by flow cytometry. Our data showed that bleomycin (100 µM) induced apoptosis in all the four cell lines tested with a level ranging from 30 to 60%. However, at lower dose (25 µM), bleomycin was less efficient to trigger apoptosis. In contrast, when bleomycin (25 µM) was combined with the protein kinase C inhibitor chelerythrine, or tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, it elicited more apoptotic cell death ranging from 40 to 75%, depending on the cell type, whereas when it was associated with the c-jun NH2-terminal kinase inhibitor SP600125, bleomycin displayed different cell death responses. If bleomycin and SP600125 enhanced apoptosis in two colon cancer cells, HCT-8, and CT26, they reduced to 50% apoptosis in the melanoma B16-F10 cells, and were not synergistic in the human colon cancer cells, SW480. This synergism seemed to rely partially to reactive oxygen species, because N-acetyl cysteine inhibited apoptosis in some cells and with some agents. These findings indicate that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, and protein kinase C inhibition can represent candidates for improved cancer chemotherapy.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01528606
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 29 mai 2017 - 13:08:02
Dernière modification le : mardi 6 février 2018 - 15:56:21

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Souhir Brahim, Sonia Aroui, Ali Rahamata, Jean-François Jeannin, Abderraouf Kenani, et al.. The combination of Bleomycin with TRAIL agonists or PKC inhibitors sensitizes solid tumor cells to BLM-mediated apoptosis: new strategies to overcome chemotherapy resistance of tumors. Medicinal Chemistry Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, pp.1-7. 〈https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00044-017-1915-9〉. 〈10.1007/s00044-017-1915-9〉. 〈hal-01528606〉

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