Short-term memory predictions across the lifespan: monitoring span before and after conducting a task

Résumé : Our objective was to explore metamemory in short-term memory across the lifespan. Five age groups participated in this study: 3 groups of children (4-13 years old), and younger and older adults. We used a three-phase task: prediction-span-postdiction. For prediction and postdiction phases, participants reported with a Yes/No response if they could recall in order a series of images. For the span task, they had to actually recall such series. From 4 years old, children have some ability to monitor their short-term memory and are able to adjust their prediction after experiencing the task. However, accuracy still improves significantly until adolescence. Although the older adults had a lower span, they were as accurate as young adults in their evaluation, suggesting that metamemory is unimpaired for short-term memory tasks in older adults. Highlights: •We investigate metamemory for short-term memory tasks across the lifespan. •We find younger children cannot accurately predict their span length. •Older adults are accurate in predicting their span length. •People’s metamemory accuracy was related to their short-term memory span.
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Memory, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2017, 25 (5), pp.607-618. 〈10.1080/09658211.2016.1200625〉
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01543702
Contributeur : Lead - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mercredi 21 juin 2017 - 11:12:57
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 juin 2018 - 14:50:07

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Julie Marilyne Bertrand, Chris J. A. Moulin, Céline Souchay. Short-term memory predictions across the lifespan: monitoring span before and after conducting a task. Memory, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2017, 25 (5), pp.607-618. 〈10.1080/09658211.2016.1200625〉. 〈hal-01543702〉

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