Incidence of Acute Postoperative Endophthalmitis after Cataract Surgery: A Nationwide Study in France from 2005 to 2014

Abstract : PURPOSE: To report the incidence of acute postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) after cataract surgery from 2005 to 2014 in France. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing operation for cataract surgery by phacoemulsification and presenting acute POE. METHODS: We identified acute POE occurring within 6 weeks after phacoemulsification cataract surgery and the use of intracameral antibiotic injection during the surgical procedure by means of billing codes from a national database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of acute POE. RESULTS: From January 2005 to December 2014, 6 371 242 eyes in 3 983 525 patients underwent phacoemulsification cataract surgery. The incidence of acute POE after phacoemulsification decreased from 0.145% to 0.053% during this 10-year period; the unadjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) (95% confidence interval) was 0.37 (0.32-0.42; P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, intracameral antibiotic injection was associated with a lower risk of acute POE 0.53 (0.50-0.57; P < 0.001), whereas intraoperative posterior capsule rupture, combined surgery, and gender (male) were associated with a higher risk of acute POE: 5.24 (4.11-6.68), 1.77 (1.53-2.05), and 1.48 (1.40-1.56) (P < 0.001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Access to a national database allowed us to observe a decrease in acute POE after phacoemulsification cataract surgery from 2005 to 2014. Within the same period, the use of intracameral antibiotics during the surgical procedures increased.
Keywords : Ophtalmology
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Ophthalmology: Journal of The American Academy of Ophthalmology, Elsevier, 2016, 123 (7), pp.1414-1420. 〈https://www.elsevier.com/〉
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01565728
Contributeur : Csga - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 20 juillet 2017 - 11:02:17
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 juin 2018 - 14:50:25

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  • HAL Id : hal-01565728, version 1

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Catherine Creuzot Garcher, Eric Benzenine, As Mariet, Aurélie De Lazzer, Christophe Chiquet, et al.. Incidence of Acute Postoperative Endophthalmitis after Cataract Surgery: A Nationwide Study in France from 2005 to 2014. Ophthalmology: Journal of The American Academy of Ophthalmology, Elsevier, 2016, 123 (7), pp.1414-1420. 〈https://www.elsevier.com/〉. 〈hal-01565728〉

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