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Video-Based Heartbeat Rate Measuring Method Using Ballistocardiography

Abstract : Video-based heartbeat rate measurement is a rapidly growing application in remote health monitoring. Video-based heartbeat rate measuring methods operate mainly by estimating photoplethysmography or ballistocardiography signals. These methods operate by estimating the microscopic color change in the face or by estimating the microscopic rigid motion of the head/facial skin. However, the robustness to motion artifacts caused by illumination variance and motion variance of the subject poses main challenge. We present a video-based heartbeat rate measuring framework to overcome these problems by using the principle of ballistocardiography. In this paper, we proposed a ballistocardiography model based on Newtons third law of force and dynamics of harmonic oscillation. We formulate a framework based on the ballistocardiography model to measure the rigid involuntary head motion caused by the ejection of the blood from the heart. Our proposed framework operates by estimating the motion of multivariate feature points to estimate the heartbeat rate autonomously. We evaluated our proposed framework along with existing video-based heartbeat rate measuring methods with three databases, namely; MAHNOB HCI database, human-computer interaction database, and driver health monitoring database. Our proposed framework outperformed existing methods by reporting a low mean error rate of 4.34 bpm with a standard deviation of 3.14 bpm, root mean square error of 5.29 with a high Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.91. The proposed method also operated robustly in the human-computer interaction database and driver health monitoring database by overcoming the issues related to illumination and motion variance.
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Contributeur : LE2I - université de Bourgogne Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : jeudi 20 juillet 2017 - 11:49:47
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 12:35:31



Mohamed Abul Hassan, Aamir Saeed Malik, David Fofi, Naufal Mohamed Saad, yasir S. Ali, et al.. Video-Based Heartbeat Rate Measuring Method Using Ballistocardiography. IEEE Sensors Journal, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 17 (14), pp.4544 - 4557. ⟨10.1109/JSEN.2017.2708133⟩. ⟨hal-01565806⟩



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