M. Velazquez, Impact of maternal malnutrition during the periconceptional period on mammalian preimplantation embryo development, Domestic Animal Endocrinology, vol.51, pp.27-45, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.domaniend.2014.10.003

S. De-rooij, H. Wouters, J. Yonker, R. Painter, and T. Roseboom, Prenatal undernutrition and cognitive function in late adulthood, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.312, issue.7043, pp.16881-16886, 2010.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.312.7043.1393

R. Painter, S. De-rooij, P. Bossuyt, T. Simmers, O. C. Barker et al., Early onset of coronary artery disease after prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.84, issue.2, pp.322-327, 2006.

A. Stein, H. Kahn, A. Rundle, P. Zybert, K. Van-der-pal-de-bruin et al., Anthropometric measures in middle age after exposure to famine during gestation: evidence from the Dutch famine, Am J Clin Nutr, vol.85, issue.3, pp.869-876, 2007.

H. Zandstra, V. Montfoort, A. Dumoulin, and J. , Does the type of culture medium used influence birthweight of children born after IVF?, Human Reproduction, vol.30, issue.3, pp.530-542, 2015.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/deu346

F. Hassani, P. Eftekhari-yazdi, L. Karimian, R. Valojerdi, M. Movaghar et al., The Effects of ISM1 Medium on Embryo Quality and Outcomes of IVF/ICSI Cycles, Int J Fertil Steril. PMID, vol.7, issue.2, pp.108-115, 2013.

J. Dumoulin, J. Land, V. Montfoort, A. Nelissen, E. Coonen et al., Effect of in vitro culture of human embryos on birthweight of newborns, Human Reproduction, vol.25, issue.3, pp.605-612, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/dep456

E. Nelissen, V. Montfoort, A. Coonen, E. Derhaag, J. Geraedts et al., Further evidence that culture media affect perinatal outcome: findings after transfer of fresh and cryopreserved embryos, Human Reproduction, vol.27, issue.7, pp.1966-1976, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/des145

S. Vandentorren, C. Bois, C. Pirus, H. Sarter, G. Salines et al., Rationales, design and recruitment for the Elfe longitudinal study, BMC Pediatr, vol.9, p.2754449, 2009.
DOI : 10.1186/1471-2431-9-58

URL : http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-9-58

F. Vendittelli, O. Riviere, C. Crenn-hebert, C. O. Tessier, V. Pinquier et al., Audipog perinatal network . Part 1: principal perinatal health indicators, Gynecol Obstet Fertil, vol.36, issue.11, 2004.

M. Duyme, M. Zorman, R. Tervo, and C. Capron, French norms and validation of the Child Development Inventory (CDI): Inventaire du Developpement de l'Enfant (IDE) Clin Pediatr (Phila), pp.636-647, 2011.

C. Chaffee, C. Cunningham, M. Secord-gilbert, H. Elbard, and J. Richards, The influence of parenting stress and child behavior problems on parental estimates of expressive and receptive language development, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol.56, issue.1, pp.65-74, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00910565

K. Doig, M. Macias, C. Saylor, J. Craver, and P. Ingram, The Child Development Inventory: A developmental outcome measure for follow-up of the high-risk infant, The Journal of Pediatrics, vol.135, issue.3, pp.358-362, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-3476(99)70134-4

R. Hart and R. Norman, The longer-term health outcomes for children born as a result of IVF treatment: Part I-General health outcomes, Human Reproduction Update, vol.19, issue.3, pp.232-243, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/humupd/dms062

S. Kleijkers, A. Van-montfoort, L. Smits, W. Viechtbauer, T. Roseboom et al., IVF culture medium affects post-natal weight in humans during the first 2 years of life, Human Reproduction, vol.29, issue.4, pp.661-669, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/deu025

C. Schwarzer, T. Esteves, M. Arauzo-bravo, L. Gac, S. Nordhoff et al., ART culture conditions change the probability of mouse embryo gestation through defined cellular and molecular responses, Human Reproduction, vol.27, issue.9, pp.2627-2640, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/des223

D. Morbeck, M. Paczkowski, J. Fredrickson, R. Krisher, H. Hoff et al., Composition of protein supplements used for human embryo culture, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, vol.132, issue.12, pp.1703-1711, 2014.
DOI : 10.1530/rep.1.01079

D. Morbeck, R. Krisher, J. Herrick, N. Baumann, D. Matern et al., Composition of commercial media used for human embryo culture, Fertility and Sterility, vol.102, issue.3, pp.759-766, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.05.043

Q. Zhao, T. Yin, J. Peng, Y. Zou, Y. J. Shen et al., Noninvasive Metabolomic Profiling of Human Embryo Culture Media Using a Simple Spectroscopy Adjunct to Morphology for Embryo Assessment in in Vitro Fertilization (IVF, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol.126, issue.4, pp.6556-6570, 2013.
DOI : 10.1039/b304992b

F. Devreker, M. Van-den-bergh, J. Biramane, R. Winston, Y. Englert et al., Effects of taurine on human embryo development in vitro, Human Reproduction, vol.14, issue.9, pp.2350-2356, 1999.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/14.9.2350

E. Berning, N. Bernhardson, K. Coleman, D. Farhat, C. Gushrowski et al., Ethanol- and/or Taurine-Induced Oxidative Stress in Chick Embryos, Journal of Amino Acids, vol.8, issue.8, pp.240537-23606945, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/alcalc/ags062

URL : http://doi.org/10.1155/2013/240537

M. Lane and D. Gardner, Increase in postimplantation development of cultured mouse embryos by amino acids and induction of fetal retardation and exencephaly by ammonium ions, Reproduction, vol.102, issue.2, pp.305-312, 1994.
DOI : 10.1530/jrf.0.1020305

D. Zander, J. Thompson, and M. Lane, Perturbations in Mouse Embryo Development and Viability Caused by Ammonium Are More Severe after Exposure at the Cleavage Stages1, Biology of Reproduction, vol.74, issue.2, pp.288-294, 2006.
DOI : 10.1095/biolreprod.105.046235

J. Biggers, L. Mcginnis, and J. Lawitts, Enhanced effect of glycyl-L-glutamine on mouse preimplantation embryos in vitro, Reproductive BioMedicine Online, vol.9, issue.1, pp.59-69, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1472-6483(10)62111-6

P. Wale and D. Gardner, Oxygen affects the ability of mouse blastocysts to regulate ammonium, Biol Reprod, vol.89, issue.3, 2013.

P. Wale and D. Gardner, The effects of chemical and physical factors on mammalian embryo culture and their importance for the practice of assisted human reproduction, Human Reproduction Update, vol.22, issue.1
DOI : 10.1093/humupd/dmv034

E. Mantikou, M. Youssef, M. Van-wely, F. Van-der-veen, H. Inany et al., Embryo culture media and IVF/ICSI success rates: a systematic review, Human Reproduction Update, vol.19, issue.3, pp.210-220, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/humupd/dms061

F. Helmerhorst, D. Perquin, D. Donker, and M. Keirse, Perinatal outcome of singletons and twins after assisted conception: a systematic review of controlled studies, BMJ, vol.328, issue.7434, pp.261-324454, 2004.
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.37957.560278.EE

J. Wen, J. Jiang, C. Ding, J. Dai, Y. Liu et al., Birth defects in children conceived by in??vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection: a meta-analysis, Fertility and Sterility, vol.97, issue.6, pp.1331-1337, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.02.053

J. Bowen, F. Gibson, G. Leslie, and D. Saunders, Medical and developmental outcome at 1 year for children conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection, The Lancet, vol.351, issue.9115, pp.1529-1534, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(98)10168-X

M. Knoester, F. Helmerhorst, J. Vandenbroucke, L. Van-der-westerlaken, F. Walther et al., Cognitive development of singletons born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection compared with in vitro fertilization and natural conception, Fertility and Sterility, vol.90, issue.2, pp.289-296, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.06.090

V. Soderstrom-anttila, T. Salokorpi, M. Pihlaja, S. Serenius-sirve, and A. Suikkari, Obstetric and perinatal outcome and preliminary results of development of children born after in vitro maturation of oocytes, Human Reproduction, vol.21, issue.6, pp.1508-1513, 2006.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/dei503

G. Leslie, F. Gibson, C. Mcmahon, J. Cohen, D. Saunders et al., Children conceived using ICSI do not have an increased risk of delayed mental development at 5 years of age, Human Reproduction, vol.18, issue.10, pp.2067-2072, 2003.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/deg408

J. Nekkebroeck, M. Bonduelle, S. Desmyttere, W. Van-den-broeck, and I. Ponjaert-kristoffersen, Mental and psychomotor development of 2-year-old children born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis/screening, Human Reproduction, vol.23, issue.7, pp.1560-1566, 2008.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/den033

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

I. Ponjaert-kristoffersen, M. Bonduelle, J. Barnes, J. Nekkebroeck, A. Loft et al., International Collaborative Study of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection-Conceived, In Vitro Fertilization-Conceived, and Naturally Conceived 5-Year-Old Child Outcomes: Cognitive and Motor Assessments, PEDIATRICS, vol.115, issue.3, pp.283-289, 2005.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.2004-1445

M. Ceelen, M. Van-weissenbruch, J. Prein, J. Smit, J. Vermeiden et al., Growth during infancy and early childhood in relation to blood pressure and body fat measures at age 8-18 years of IVF children and spontaneously conceived controls born to subfertile parents, Human Reproduction, vol.24, issue.11, pp.2788-2795, 2009.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/dep273

P. Gluckman, M. Hanson, C. Cooper, and K. Thornburg, Effect of In Utero and Early-Life Conditions on Adult Health and Disease, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.359, issue.1, pp.61-73, 2008.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMra0708473

R. Simmons, Developmental Origins of Adult Disease, Pediatric Clinics of North America, vol.56, issue.3, pp.449-466, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pcl.2009.03.004

P. Rinaudo and R. Schultz, Effects of embryo culture on global pattern of gene expression in preimplantation mouse embryos, Reproduction, vol.128, issue.3, pp.301-311, 2004.
DOI : 10.1530/rep.1.00297

D. Ecker, P. Stein, Z. Xu, C. Williams, G. Kopf et al., Long-term effects of culture of preimplantation mouse embryos on behavior, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.11, issue.2, p.341785, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0959-4388(00)00194-X

R. Fernandez-gonzalez, P. Moreira, A. Bilbao, A. Jimenez, M. Perez-crespo et al., Long-term effect of in vitro culture of mouse embryos with serum on mRNA expression of imprinting genes, development, and behavior, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.57, issue.3, pp.5880-5885, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0015-0282(16)54914-0

J. Vermeiden and R. Bernardus, Are imprinting disorders more prevalent after human in??vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection?, Fertility and Sterility, vol.99, issue.3, pp.642-651, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.01.125

P. Fauque, M. Ripoche, J. Tost, L. Journot, A. Gabory et al., Modulation of imprinted gene network in placenta results in normal development of in vitro manipulated mouse embryos, Human Molecular Genetics, vol.19, issue.9, pp.1779-1790, 2010.
DOI : 10.1093/hmg/ddq059

M. Mann, S. Lee, A. Doherty, R. Verona, L. Nolen et al., Selective loss of imprinting in the placenta following preimplantation development in culture, Development, vol.131, issue.15, pp.3727-3735, 2004.
DOI : 10.1242/dev.01241

B. Market-velker, A. Fernandes, and M. Mann, Side-by-Side Comparison of Five Commercial Media Systems in a Mouse Model: Suboptimal In Vitro Culture Interferes with Imprint Maintenance1, Biology of Reproduction, vol.83, issue.6, pp.938-950, 2010.
DOI : 10.1095/biolreprod.110.085480

M. Lane and D. Gardner, Ammonium Induces Aberrant Blastocyst Differentiation, Metabolism, pH Regulation, Gene Expression and Subsequently Alters Fetal Development in the Mouse, Biology of Reproduction, vol.69, issue.4, pp.1109-1117, 2003.
DOI : 10.1095/biolreprod.103.018093

E. De-waal, L. Vrooman, E. Fischer, T. Ord, M. Mainigi et al., The cumulative effect of assisted reproduction procedures on placental development and epigenetic perturbations in a mouse model, Human Molecular Genetics, vol.24, issue.24, pp.6975-6985, 2015.
DOI : 10.1093/hmg/ddv400

E. Hajj, N. Haaf, and T. , Epigenetic disturbances in in??vitro cultured gametes and embryos: implications for human assisted reproduction, Fertility and Sterility, vol.99, issue.3, pp.632-641, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.12.044

N. Whitelaw, S. Bhattacharya, G. Hoad, G. Horgan, M. Hamilton et al., Epigenetic status in the offspring of spontaneous and assisted conception, Human Reproduction, vol.29, issue.7, pp.1452-1458, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/humrep/deu094

J. Feinberg, K. Bakulski, A. Jaffe, R. Tryggvadottir, S. Brown et al., Paternal sperm DNA methylation associated with early signs of autism risk in an autism-enriched cohort, International Journal of Epidemiology, vol.44, issue.4, p.25878217
DOI : 10.1093/ije/dyv028