Impact of a stay in the intensive care unit on the preparation of Advance Directives: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative study.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess, through a qualitative, exploratory study, the thought processes of patients regarding the formulation of Advance Directives (AD) after a stay in the ICU. METHODS: Study performed from May to July 2016 using telephone interviews performed by four senior ICU physicians. Inclusion criteria were: patients discharged from ICU to home >3 months previously. Semi-directive interviews with patients focused on 5 main points surrounding AD. RESULTS: In total, among 159 eligible patients, data from 94 (59%) were available for analysis.Among all those interviewed, 83.5% had never heard of "Advance Directives". Only 2% had executed AD before ICU admission, and 7% expressed a desire to prepare AD further to their ICU stay. Among the barriers to preparation of AD, lack of information was the main reason cited for not executing AD. Patients noted the following in their AD:withdrawal of life-support in case of vegetative/minimally conscious state or when there is no longer any hope, in case of uncontrollable pain, and if impossible to wean from mechanical ventilation. CONCLUSION: The ideal time to engage patients in these discussions is most likely well before an acute health event occurs, although this warrants further investigation both before and after ICU admissions.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01576493
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mercredi 23 août 2017 - 11:48:01
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 février 2018 - 12:18:06

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Pascal Andreu, Auguste Dargent, Audrey Large, Nicolas Meunier-Beillard, Sandrine Vinault, et al.. Impact of a stay in the intensive care unit on the preparation of Advance Directives: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative study.. Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352556816302284〉. 〈10.1016/j.accpm.2017.05.007〉. 〈hal-01576493〉

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