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Pain and quality of life evaluation in patients with localized epidermolysis bullosa simplex

Abstract : Background A localized form of epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS-l) is considered one of the mildest forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB), with blisters limited to the palms and soles. However, these lesions can be very painful. The aim of the study was to characterize pain in patients with EBS-l and evaluate its impact on quality of life (QoL). Patients were contacted via the Research Group of the French Society of Pediatric Dermatology and the association of EB patients (DEBRA France). One investigator used a standardized questionnaire that included validated scales for pain and QoL for a telephone interview. Results We included 57 patients (27 children). All patients had pain: the mean pain on a 10-mm visual analog scale was >5 for most adults (90%) and children ≥8 years old (94%) when blisters were present and for most adults (73%) and about half of the children ≥ age 8 (53%) during dressing changes. Similar results were found for younger patients. Overall, 75% of patients had neuropathic pain; for 55% of children and 73% of adults, the pain had a moderate to severe impact on QOL. Only seven patients used premedication before changing dressings and seven regularly used oral treatment for chronic pain. A total of 21% and 23% of patients used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and grade 2 analgesics, respectively. These treatments were not effective for neuropathic pain. Six patients tried 5% lidocaine plasters on their feet, with good efficacy. Conclusions EBS-l patients have frequent and severe pain with neuropathic characteristics. This pain is undertreated and affects QoL.
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Contributeur : LNC - université de Bourgogne Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 25 août 2017 - 14:59:08
Dernière modification le : jeudi 20 octobre 2022 - 15:10:07

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Jennifer Brun, Christine Chiaverini, Caroline Devos, Stéphanie Leclerc-Mercier, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, et al.. Pain and quality of life evaluation in patients with localized epidermolysis bullosa simplex. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 2017, 12 (1), pp.119. ⟨10.1186/s13023-017-0666-5⟩. ⟨hal-01577342⟩



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