Prognostic value of multicenter flow cytometry harmonized assessment of minimal residual disease in acute myeloblastic leukemia

Abstract : The assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloblastic leukemia is of growing interest as a prognostic marker of patients' outcome. Multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC), tracking leukemia-associated immunophenotypic patterns, has been shown in several studies to be a useful tool to investigate MRD. Here, we report a multicenter prospective study which allowed to define a harmonized analysis strategy, as well as the efficacy of MFC MRD to predict outcome. This study included 276 patients, in 10 different MFC centers, of whom 268 had at least 1 MRD check point. The combination of a CD45, CD34, and CD33 backbone, with the addition of CD117, CD13, CD7, and CD15 in 2 five-color tubes allowed to define each patient's multiparameter immunophenotypic characteristics at diagnosis, according to a Boolean combination of gates. The same individual diagnosis gating strategy was then applied at each MRD time point for each patient. MRD levels were stratified according to log by log thresholds, from 5 × 10-2 (the classical morphological threshold to define remission) down to <5 × 10-5 . MRD was found to be constantly negative (<5 × 10-5 ) for 148 patients. Survival analyses significantly associated MRD negativity with a good prognosis and any positive value with poorer outcome. All P values were <0.0001 both for disease-free and overall survival at the earliest time point (post-induction, MRD1) as well as when considering all time points together. Finally, MRD levels were independent of cytogenetics and allowed in fact to further stratify all cytogenetics risk groups. In summary, this multicenter study demonstrates that a simple combination of immunophenotypic markers successfully allows for the detection of MRD in acute myeloblastic leukemia patients, with a strong correlation to outcome.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01698460
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 1 février 2018 - 12:02:06
Dernière modification le : jeudi 4 avril 2019 - 01:26:33

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Francis Lacombe, Lydia Campos, Kaoutar Allou, Christine Arnoulet, Adrienne Delabarthe, et al.. Prognostic value of multicenter flow cytometry harmonized assessment of minimal residual disease in acute myeloblastic leukemia. Hematological Oncology, Wiley, 2018, 36 (2), pp.422-428. ⟨http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hon.2488/full⟩. ⟨10.1002/hon.2488⟩. ⟨hal-01698460⟩

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