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Baseline splenic volume as a surrogate marker of FOLFIRINOX efficacy in advanced pancreatic carcinoma

Abstract : Background: The FOLFIRINOX regimen is the standard first-line treatment for advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (aPDAC). However, because of its potential toxicity, predictive biomarkers could help clinical decision-making. Methods: A cohort of 97 aPDAC patients treated with first-line FOLFIRINOX were studied. The association between splenic volume and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was evaluated using univariate and multivariable Cox analyses. The external validation cohort was composed of 117 patients treated with Gemcitabine and 52 patients treated with FOLFIRINOX. Results: In the training cohort, the splenic volume of 97 patients was measured at baseline and at the end of therapy. The spleen size increased in 81% of patients, with at least a 50% increase in 27% of patients. Baseline splenomegaly predicted PFS (HR 1.812, 95% CI = [1.036–3.169]; p = 0.03) and OS (HR 1.983, 95% CI = [1.085–3.624]; p = 0.02) in the training cohort. These results were then validated in an external cohort of patients who were treated with FOLFIRINOX excluding those in the control cohort who were treated with gemcitabine. In a multivariate model based on the CoxBoost method, the following were selected as predictive markers of FOLFIRINOX efficacy (AUC = 0.81): performance status, liver metastasis, baseline Ca199 and CEA levels and baseline splenomegaly. The predictive ability of the model was validated in the external cohort that was also treated with FOLFIRINOX. Conclusions: Baseline splenomegaly is a predictive marker of a poor response to FOLFIRINOX in aPDAC and remained predictive when associated with other clinical variables.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01821601
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 22 juin 2018 - 15:42:17
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 juin 2020 - 14:06:49

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Anne Aarnink, Corentin Richard, Caroline Truntzer, Julie Vincent, Leila Bengrine, et al.. Baseline splenic volume as a surrogate marker of FOLFIRINOX efficacy in advanced pancreatic carcinoma. Oncotarget, Impact journals, 2018, 9 (39), pp.25617-25629. ⟨10.18632/oncotarget.25424⟩. ⟨hal-01821601⟩

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