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Generation of localized patterns in anharmonic lattices with cubic-quintic nonlinearities and fourth-order dispersion via a variational approach

Abstract : We use the time-dependent variational method to examine the formation of localized patterns in dynamically unstable anharmonic lattices with cubic-quintic nonlineaarities and fourth-order dispersion. The governing equation is an extended nonlinear Schrodinger equation known for modified Frankel-Kontorova models of atomic lattices and here derived from an extended Bose-Hubbard model of bosonic lattices with local three-body interactions. In presence of modulated waves, we derive and investigate the ordinary differential equations for the time evolution of the amplitude and phase of dynamical perturbation. Through an effective potential, we find the modulationally unstable domains of the lattice and discuss the effect of the fourth-order dispersion in the dynamics. Direct numerical simulations are performed to support our analytical results, and a good agreement is found. Various types of localized patterns, including breathers and solitonic chirped-like pulses, form in the system as a result of interplay between the cubic-quintic nonlinearities and the second- and fourth-order dispersions. MODULATIONAL INSTABILITY; SCHRODINGER-EQUATION; COLLAPSE; REVIVAL; WAVES; MODEL
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01862211
Contributeur : Le2i - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 27 août 2018 - 10:47:34
Dernière modification le : vendredi 17 juillet 2020 - 14:59:10

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Etienne Wamba, Aurélien Tchakoutio Nguetcho. Generation of localized patterns in anharmonic lattices with cubic-quintic nonlinearities and fourth-order dispersion via a variational approach. Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2018, 97 (5), pp.052207. ⟨10.1103/physRevE.97.052207⟩. ⟨hal-01862211⟩

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