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The equidistribution of some length-three vincular patterns on S n (132)

Abstract : In 2012 Bona showed the rather surprising fact that the cumulative number of occurrences of the classical patterns 231 and 213 is the same on the set of permutations avoiding 132, even though the pattern based statistics 231 and 213 do not have the same distribution on this set. Here we show that if it is required for the symbols playing the role of 1 and 3 in the occurrences of 231 and 213 to be adjacent, then the obtained statistics are equidistributed on the set of 132-avoiding permutations. Actually, expressed in terms of vincular patterns, we prove bijectively the following more general results: the statistics based on the patterns 2 (31) under bar, 2 (13) under bar and (21) under bar3, together with other statistics, have the same joint distribution on S-n(132), and so do the patterns (23) under bar1 and 3 (12) under bar; and up to trivial transformations, these statistics are the only based on length-three proper (not classical nor consecutive) vincular patterns which are equidistributed on a set of permutations avoiding a classical length-three pattern. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords
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Soumis le : lundi 27 août 2018 - 10:57:05
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 14:54:00

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Vincent Vajnovszki. The equidistribution of some length-three vincular patterns on S n (132). Information Processing Letters, 2018, 130, pp.40 - 45. ⟨10.1016/j.ipl.2017.10.005⟩. ⟨hal-01862223⟩



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