Corticospinal and Spinal Excitabilities Are Modulated during Motor Imagery Associated with Somatosensory Electrical Nerve Stimulation

Abstract : Motor imagery (MI), the mental simulation of an action, influences the cortical, corticospinal, and spinal levels, despite the lack of somatosensory afferent feedbacks. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of MI associated with somatosensory stimulation (SS) on the corticospinal and spinal excitabilities. We used transcranial magnetic stimulation and peripheral nerve stimulation to induce motor-evoked potentials (MEP) and H-reflexes, respectively, in soleus and medialis gastrocnemius (MG) muscles of the right leg. Twelve participants performed three tasks: (1) MI of submaximal plantar flexion, (2) SS at 65 Hz on the posterior tibial nerve with an intensity below the motor threshold, and (3) MI + SS. MEP and H-reflex amplitudes were recorded before, during, and after the tasks. Our results confirmed that MI increased corticospinal excitability in a time-specific manner. We found that MI + SS tended to potentiate MEP amplitude of the MG muscle compared to MI alone. We confirmed that SS decreased spinal excitability, and this decrease was partially compensated when combined with MI, especially for the MG muscle. The increase of CSE could be explained by a modulation of the spinal inhibitions induced by SS, depending on the amount of afferent feedbacks.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01873781
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 13 septembre 2018 - 15:46:39
Dernière modification le : vendredi 14 septembre 2018 - 01:12:24

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Elodie Traverse, Florent Lebon, Alain Martin. Corticospinal and Spinal Excitabilities Are Modulated during Motor Imagery Associated with Somatosensory Electrical Nerve Stimulation. Neural plasticity, Hymie Anisman, 2018, 2018, pp.1 - 9. ⟨https://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/2018/8265427/⟩. ⟨10.1155/2018/8265427⟩. ⟨hal-01873781⟩

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