Liraglutide Reduces Postprandial Hyperlipidemia by Increasing ApoB48 (Apolipoprotein B48) Catabolism and by Reducing ApoB48 Production in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract : Objective Treatment with liraglutide, a GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) agonist, has been shown to reduce postprandial lipidemia, an important feature of diabetic dyslipidemia. However, the underlying mechanisms for this effect remain unknown. This prompted us to study the effect of liraglutide on the metabolism of ApoB48 (apolipoprotein B48). Approach and Results We performed an in vivo kinetic study with stable isotopes (D8-valine) in the fed state in 10 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus before treatment and 6 months after the initiation of treatment with liraglutide (1.2 mg/d). We also evaluated, in mice, the effect of a 1-week liraglutide treatment on postload triglycerides and analysed in vitro on jejunum, the direct effect of liraglutide on the expression of genes involved in the biosynthesis of chylomicron. In diabetic patients, liraglutide treatment induced a dramatic reduction of ApoB48 pool (65±38 versus 162±87 mg; P=0.005) because of a significant decrease in ApoB48 production rate (3.02±1.33 versus 6.14±4.27 mg kg-1 d-1; P=0.009) and a significant increase in ApoB48 fractional catabolic rate (5.12±1.35 versus 3.69±0.75 pool d-1; P=0.005). One-week treatment with liraglutide significantly reduced postload plasma triglycerides in mice and liraglutide, in vitro, reduced the expression of ApoB48, DGAT1 (diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1), and MTP (microsomal transfer protein) genes. Conclusions We show that treatment with liraglutide induces a significant reduction of the ApoB48 pool because of both a reduction of ApoB48 production and an increase in ApoB48 catabolism. In vitro, liraglutide reduces the expression of genes involved in chylomicron synthesis. These effects might benefit cardiovascular health. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02721888.
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Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 14 septembre 2018 - 11:01:22
Dernière modification le : jeudi 13 décembre 2018 - 15:58:02

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Bruno Vergès, Laurence Duvillard, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Benjamin Bouillet, Sabine Baillot-Rudoni, et al.. Liraglutide Reduces Postprandial Hyperlipidemia by Increasing ApoB48 (Apolipoprotein B48) Catabolism and by Reducing ApoB48 Production in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, American Heart Association, 2018, 38, pp.2198-2206. ⟨https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/ATVBAHA.118.310990?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed&⟩. ⟨10.1161/ATVBAHA.118.310990⟩. ⟨hal-01874253⟩

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