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The Antioxidant Potential of White Wines Relies on the Chemistry of Sulfur-Containing Compounds: An Optimized DPPH Assay

Abstract : The DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay is an easy and efficient method commonly used to determine the antioxidant capacity of many food matrices and beverages. In contrast with red wines, white wines are poorer in antioxidant polyphenolics, and the more hydrophilic sulfur-containing compounds in them may contribute significantly to their antioxidant capacity. The modification of the classical DPPH method, with a methanol-buffer and the measure of EC20 (quantity of sample needed to decrease the initial DPPH concentration by 20%) has shown that sulfur-containing compounds such as cysteine (0.037 ± 0.003), glutathione (0.054 ± 0.003) or methanethiol (0.104 ± 0.003) appeared to bear antioxidant capacity comparable to well known phenolic compounds, such as catechin (0.035 ± 0.003), caffeic acid (0.057 ± 0.003) and ferulic acid (0.108 ± 0.003), respectively. In the case of white wines, the comparison with REDOX-sensory scores showed that results from this modified DPPH assay are strongly correlated with sensory attributes (r = 0.73, p < 0.1). These results provide an unprecedented illustration of the important contribution of these sulfur-containing compounds to the radical quenching ability of white wines.
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Remy Romanet, Christian Coelho, Youzhong Liu, Florian Bahut, Jordi Ballester, et al.. The Antioxidant Potential of White Wines Relies on the Chemistry of Sulfur-Containing Compounds: An Optimized DPPH Assay. Molecules, MDPI, 2019, 24 (7), pp.1353. ⟨10.3390/molecules24071353⟩. ⟨hal-02173660⟩

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