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Poster

Children’s Generalization of Novel Object Names in Comparison Contexts: An eye tracking analysis

Abstract : A common result is thatcomparison settings (i.e., several stimuli introduced simultaneously) favor conceptualizationand generalization. In a comparison setting, we manipulated the semantic distance between the two training items (e.g., two bracelets versus a bracelet and a watch), and the semantic distance between the training items and the test items (e.g., a pendant versus a bow tie). We tested 5-and 8-year-old children’s generalization of novel names for objects. This study is the first one to study the temporal dynamics ofcomparison in a generalization task with eye-tracking data. The eye movement data revealed clear patterns of exploration in which participants first focused on the training items and compared them with each of the choice options. We also compared the search profiles for correct answers and errors. The results show that participants first found commonalities in the learning items,which they compared with each items in the solution set. Thispatternis consistent with an alignmentview of generalization.
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Poster
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02268158
Contributeur : Lead - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mardi 20 août 2019 - 14:37:52
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 août 2019 - 01:07:24

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  • HAL Id : hal-02268158, version 1

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Ella Stansbury, Arnaud Wit, Jean-Pierre Thibaut. Children’s Generalization of Novel Object Names in Comparison Contexts: An eye tracking analysis. A.K. Goel, C.M. Seifert, & C. Freksa. The 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Jul 2019, Montréal, Canada. pp.2871-2877, 2019, Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. ⟨hal-02268158⟩

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