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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Année : 2020

How language and inhibition influence analogical reasoning in children with or without developmental language disorder?

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Résumé

Introduction: Analogical reasoning is a human ability of crucial importance in several domains of cognition, such as numerical abilities, social cognition, and language, and which is impaired in children with developmental language disorder (DLD). This impairment might be caused by their weaknesses in inhibition or by the inefficient use of phonological recoding. Method: We compared children with DLD and age-matched children without language disorders in an A:B::C:D analogical task. We manipulated two variables: interference (versus no interference) was used to evaluate the impact of articulatory suppression on analogical performance, and distraction (versus no distractor) was used to test whether perceptual distractors (which compete with relational responses) diminish children’s performance. Results: Contrary to expectations, articulatory suppression does not have a negative effect on analogical reasoning. In contrast, perceptual distractors have a detrimental impact on performance, and children with DLD are more impacted by perceptual distraction than their peers. Moreover, inhibition, as measured by a classical inhibition task, influences performance, but only for children with DLD. Conclusion: The analogical reasoning impairment observed in DLD, therefore, seems to be related to perceptual distraction and inhibition rather than to phonological recoding. To conclude, this study investigates the analogical reasoning impairment observed in DLD and contributes to our understanding of the relationships between language, analogical reasoning, and executive functions.

Dates et versions

hal-02315402 , version 1 (14-10-2019)

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Magali Krzemien, Jean-Pierre Thibaut, Christelle Maillart. How language and inhibition influence analogical reasoning in children with or without developmental language disorder?. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2020, 42 (1), pp.76-89. ⟨10.1080/13803395.2019.1676881⟩. ⟨hal-02315402⟩
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