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Detection of perilymphatic fistula in labyrinthine windows by virtual endoscopy and variation of reconstruction thresholds on CT scan

Abstract : Background: Perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is a breach in a labyrinthine window. The opening might decrease the radiological density of the window. Aims/objectives: To evaluate the radiological density of the labyrinthine windows by virtual endoscopy on CT scan. Materials and methods: This prospective study included 47 adult patients with PLF and 98 control patients. Diagnosis of PLF was based on a composite radio clinical score and/or intra operative visualization of the fistula and/or resolution of the symptoms after surgery. On routine CT-scan, labyrinthine windows were examined by virtual endoscopy. The reconstruction threshold was gradually increased until a virtual opening appeared (opening threshold [OT]) and compared to the contralateral window (OT difference). Results: The OT difference was higher in patients than in controls (60.2 +/- 10.36 (SEM), n = 47 versus 28.0 +/- 2.29 Hounsfield units (HUs), n = 98, p < .01 unpaired t-test). A ROC analysis showed that at an OT difference of 31.5 UH had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 75% for the PLF diagnosis. Conclusions: CT-scan virtual endoscopy and threshold variation provided high specificity and sensitivity in the PLF diagnosis.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02486843
Contributeur : Le2i - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 21 février 2020 - 11:27:58
Dernière modification le : dimanche 25 octobre 2020 - 07:07:49

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Alexis Bozorg Grayeli, Jean-Loup Bensimon, Maxime Guyon, Serge Aho-Glélé, Michel Toupet. Detection of perilymphatic fistula in labyrinthine windows by virtual endoscopy and variation of reconstruction thresholds on CT scan. Acta Oto-laryngologica, Taylor & Francis, In press, pp.1-7. ⟨10.1080/00016489.2020.1715472⟩. ⟨hal-02486843⟩

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