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Unravelling the Modulation of Intracortical Inhibition During Motor Imagery: An Adaptive Threshold-Hunting Study

Abstract : Motor imagery (MI) is the mental simulation of an action without any apparent muscular contraction. By means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), few studies revealed a decrease of short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) within the primary motor cortex. However, this decrease is ambiguous, as one would expect greater inhibition during MI to prevent overt motor output. The current study investigated the extent of SICI modulation during MI through a methodological and a conceptual reconsideration of (i) the importance of parameters to assess SICI (Exp.1) and (ii) the inhibitory process within the primary motor cortex as an inherent feature of MI (Exp.2). Participants performed two tasks: (1) rest and (2) imagery of isometric abduction of the right index finger. Using TMS, motor evoked potentials were elicited in the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle. An adaptive threshold-hunting paradigm was used, where the stimulus intensity required to maintain a fixed motor evoked potential amplitude was quantified. To test SICI, we conditioned the test stimulus with a conditioning stimulus (CS) of different intensities. Results revealed an Intensity by Task interaction showing that SICI decreased during MI as compared to rest only for the higher CS intensity (Exp.1). At the lowest CS intensities, a Task main effect revealed that SICI increased during MI (Exp.2). SICI modulation during MI depends critically on the CS intensity. By optimising CS intensity, we have shown that SICI circuits may increase during MI, revealing a potential mechanism to prevent the production of a movement while the motor system is activated. (C) 2020 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02566753
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 7 mai 2020 - 12:09:55
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 mai 2020 - 16:57:17

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Cécilia Neige, Dylan Rannaud Monany, Cathy Stinear, Winston Byblow, Charalambos Papaxanthis, et al.. Unravelling the Modulation of Intracortical Inhibition During Motor Imagery: An Adaptive Threshold-Hunting Study. Neuroscience, Elsevier - International Brain Research Organization, 2020, 434, pp.102-110. ⟨10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.03.038⟩. ⟨hal-02566753⟩

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