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Corticospinal excitability is altered similarly following concentric and eccentric maximal contractions

Abstract : Purpose To examine corticospinal excitability and neuromuscular function following the completion of eccentric (ECC) or concentric (CON) maximal exercises of same mechanical work. Methods Ten males (29.9 +/- 11.8 years) performed maximal isokinetic knee extensor contractions in four experimental sessions. The two first sessions (one in ECC and one in CON) ended with a dynamic peak torque loss of 20%. The work completed in each contraction type was then achieved in the other contraction type. Neuromuscular function- maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), voluntary activation level (VAL), potentiated doublet (Dt), M-wave- and corticospinal excitability- motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude and silent period (SP)-were assessed in the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF) muscles at 20% MVIC before and immediately after exercise. Results To lose 20% of dynamic peak torque subjects performed 1.8 times more work in ECC than CON (P = 0.03), inducing a non-different decline in MVIC (P = 0.15). VAL dropped after the ECC sessions only (- 8.5 +/- 6.7%; all P < 0.027). Only, the CON session featuring the greatest work affected Dt amplitude (- 9.4 +/- 23.8%; P = 0.047). In both muscles, MEP amplitude decreased (all P < 0.001) and MEP SP stayed constant (all P > 0.45), irrespective of contraction type (all P > 0.15). Conclusion Same-work maximal ECC and CON exercises induced similar fatigue level but from different origins (preferentially central for ECC vs peripheral for CON). Yet, net corticospinal excitability did not depend on contraction type.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02611746
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 18 mai 2020 - 16:49:55
Dernière modification le : mardi 19 mai 2020 - 01:43:40

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Pierre Clos, Yoann Garnier, Alain Martin, Romuald Lepers. Corticospinal excitability is altered similarly following concentric and eccentric maximal contractions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Springer Verlag, inPress, ⟨10.1007/s00421-020-04377-7⟩. ⟨hal-02611746⟩

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