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A Review of Psychopathology Features, Personality, and Coping in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1

Abstract : Background: The last literature review on psychopathological features in Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 had been conducted by Ambrosini and Nurnberg in 1979. Since that date, many researches had been carried out. Objective: The aim of this study is (i) to systematically obtain and evaluate the relevant literature on psychopathological features, personality, and coping in individuals with adult phenotypes of Myotonic Dystrophy type 1. (ii) To summarize current research findings and draw conclusions for future research. Methods: A systematic search was conducted on Pubmed, PubPsych, PsycInfo, Science Direct, and Scopus covering the period of January 1979 to July 2017. Results: In view of our literature review, patients show mild psychopathological problems, such as interpersonal difficulties, lack of interest, dysphoria, concern about bodily functioning, and hypersensibility. However, they do not experience more psychiatric disorder in comparison to the general population, except for personality disorders and depression. We discussed problems concerning depression's assessment tool. Patients also present symptoms of several personality disorders: avoidant personality disorder was the most common. Finally, coping strategies relative to limitations resulting from their disease have a negative impact on their quality of life. Conclusions: In conclusion, Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 patients did not present homogeneous psychopathological and psychological features. However, based on tendencies observed among Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 patients, elements to conceptualize their social difficulties are provided.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03119911
Contributeur : Msh Dijon Maison Des Sciences de l'Homme <>
Soumis le : lundi 25 janvier 2021 - 11:10:01
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 mars 2021 - 14:14:01

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Lisa Minier, Baptiste Lignier, Cyrille Bouvet, Benjamin Gallais, Nathalie Camart. A Review of Psychopathology Features, Personality, and Coping in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1. Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases, IOS Press, 2018, 5 (3), pp.279-294. ⟨10.3233/JND-180310⟩. ⟨hal-03119911⟩

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