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Programming of Cardiovascular Dysfunction by Postnatal Overfeeding in Rodents

Abstract : Nutritional environment in the perinatal period has a great influence on health and diseases in adulthood. In rodents, litter size reduction reproduces the effects of postnatal overnutrition in infants and reveals that postnatal overfeeding (PNOF) not only permanently increases body weight but also affects the cardiovascular function in the short-and long-term. In addition to increased adiposity, the metabolic status of PNOF rodents is altered, with increased plasma insulin and leptin levels, associated with resistance to these hormones, changed profiles and levels of circulating lipids. PNOF animals present elevated arterial blood pressure with altered vascular responsiveness to vasoactive substances. The hearts of overfed rodents exhibit hypertrophy and elevated collagen content. PNOF also induces a disturbance of cardiac mitochondrial respiration and produces an imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants. A modification of the expression of crucial genes and epigenetic alterations is reported in hearts of PNOF animals. In vivo, a decreased ventricular contractile function is observed during adulthood in PNOF hearts. All these alterations ultimately lead to an increased sensitivity to cardiac pathologic challenges such as ischemia-reperfusion injury. Nevertheless, caloric restriction and physical exercise were shown to improve PNOF-induced cardiac dysfunction and metabolic abnormalities, drawing a path to the potential therapeutic correction of early nutritional programming.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03413469
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Soumis le : mercredi 3 novembre 2021 - 18:10:47
Dernière modification le : jeudi 4 novembre 2021 - 03:07:40

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ijms-21-09427.pdf
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Marie Josse, Eve Rigal, Nathalie Rosenblatt-Velin, Luc Rochette, Marianne Zeller, et al.. Programming of Cardiovascular Dysfunction by Postnatal Overfeeding in Rodents. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (24), pp.9427. ⟨10.3390/ijms21249427⟩. ⟨hal-03413469⟩

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