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Senescence of the immune defences and reproductive trade-offs in females of the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor.

Abstract : In the theory of ageing, it has been assumed that ageing is associated with a decline in somatic defences, including the immune system, as a consequence of a trade-off with reproduction. While overall immunity suffers from age-related deterioration (immune senescence), the different components of the immune response appear to age differently. It is also likely that investment among the many arms of the immune system and reproduction with age is finely adjusted to the organisms' reproductive strategy. We investigated this possibility in females of Tenebrio molitor , a species of long-lived insect with reproductive strategies similar to those of long-lived mammals. We specifically tested the effects of immunological challenges imposed early or late in adult life on immune pathway activation as well as fertility early and late in life. We found complex patterns of changes in immune defences with age and age-specific immune challenges with contrasted relationships with female reproduction. While cellular and enzymatic defences showed signs of ageing, they did not trade-off with reproduction. By contrast, the induced antibacterial immune response was found to be unaffected by age and to be highly connected to female fecundity. These findings suggest that these immunological pathways have different functions with regard to female ageing in this insect species.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03860151
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Soumis le : vendredi 18 novembre 2022 - 15:14:29
Dernière modification le : samedi 19 novembre 2022 - 03:58:36

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Charly Jehan, Camille Sabarly, Thierry Rigaud, Yannick Moret. Senescence of the immune defences and reproductive trade-offs in females of the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor.. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.19747. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-24334-y⟩. ⟨hal-03860151⟩

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