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, Pour ce faire, nos travaux proposent de capitaliser l'expérience acquise dans le domaine du web sémantique sur les ontologies et les moteurs d'inférence associés pour faciliter la conception et le développement de comportements intelligents pour des agentsévoluant dans des univers virtuels. L'objectif est de fournir aux agents une approche générique pour gérer leur représentation du monde et raisonner sur cette représentation. Pour cela, la problématique centrale repose sur la définition d'une ontologie décidable modélisant l'ensemble des connaissances contenues dans l'environnement virtuel 3D pour enrichir sémantiquement l'environnement d'une simulation multi-agents. Cette ontologie décidable a pour but d'offrir la possibilité d'intégrer les moteurs d, La thèse défendue dans ce manuscrit s'intéresseà la simulation multi-agents appliquéeà la simulation d'individus dans des bâtiments 3D virtuels