Impact of the local care environment and social characteristics on aggregated hospital fatality rate from COVID-19 in France: a nationwide observational study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Public Health Year : 2020

Impact of the local care environment and social characteristics on aggregated hospital fatality rate from COVID-19 in France: a nationwide observational study

(1, 2) , (3, 4) , (5, 6)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to investigate possible differences in the aggregated hospital fatality rate from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in France at the early phase of the outbreak and to determine whether factors related to population or healthcare supply before the pandemic could be associated with outcome differences.Study design: This is a nationwide observational study including all French hospitals from January 24, 2020, to April 11, 2020.Methods: We analyzed the aggregated hospital fatality rate. A Poisson regression was performed to investigate associations between characteristics pertaining to populational health, socio-economic context and local healthcare supply at baseline, and the chosen outcome.Results: On April 11, 2020, a total number of 30,960 patients were hospitalized among the 3046 French healthcare facilities, including 6832 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). A total of 8581 deaths due to COVID-19 had been recorded, with a median mortality rate per 10,000 people per department of 0.53 (interquartile range: 0.29-1.90). There were significant variations between the 95 French departments even after adjusting for outbreak inception (P < 0.001). After multivariable analysis, four factors were independently associated with a significantly higher aggregated hospital fatality rate: a higher ICU capacity at baseline (estimate = 1.47; P = 0.00791), a lower density of general practitioners (estimate = 0.95; P = 0.0205), a lower fraction of activity from the for-profit private sector (estimate = 0.99; P < 0.001), and the ratio of people older than 75 years (estimate = 0.91; P = 0.0023).Conclusions: The aggregated hospital fatality rate from COVID-19 in France seems to vary among geographic areas, with some factors pertaining to local healthcare supply being associated with the outcome.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
S0033350620304340.pdf (1.28 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03493752 , version 1 (21-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

J.-D. Zeitoun, M. Faron, J.H. Lefèvre. Impact of the local care environment and social characteristics on aggregated hospital fatality rate from COVID-19 in France: a nationwide observational study. Public Health, 2020, 189, pp.104 - 109. ⟨10.1016/j.puhe.2020.09.015⟩. ⟨hal-03493752⟩
23 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More