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Motor imagery: lessons learned in movement science might be applicable for spaceflight

Abstract : Before participating in a space mission, astronauts undergo parabolic-flight and underwater training to facilitate their subsequent adaptation to weightlessness. Unfortunately, similar training methods can't be used to prepare re adaptation to planetary gravity. Here, we propose a quick, simple and inexpensive approach that could be used to prepare astronauts both for the absence and for the renewed presence of gravity. This approach is based on motor imagery (MI), a process in which actions are produced in working memory without any overt output. Training protocols based on MI have repeatedly been shown to modify brain circuitry and to improve motor performance in healthy young adults, healthy seniors and stroke victims, and are routinely used to optimize performance of elite athletes. We propose to use similar protocols preflight, to prepare for weightlessness, and late inflight, to prepare for landing.
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Soumis le : vendredi 11 mars 2016 - 14:46:06
Dernière modification le : mardi 11 janvier 2022 - 14:58:09

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Otmar Bock, Nadja Schott, Charalambos Papaxanthis. Motor imagery: lessons learned in movement science might be applicable for spaceflight. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 2015, 9, ⟨10.3389/fnsys.2015.00075⟩. ⟨hal-01286856⟩



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