The Early Indicators of Functional Decrease in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Abstract : Objectives: Motor deficiency is associated with cognitive frailty in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairments (MCI). In this study we aimed to test the integrity in muscle synergies involved in an arm-pointing movement in functionally unimpaired MCI patients. We hypothesized that early motor indicators exist in this population at a preclinical level. Methods: Electromyographic signals were collected for 11 muscles in 3 groups: Young Adults (YA), Older Adults (OA), and MCI patients. The OA and MCI groups presented the same functional status. Each subject performed 20 arm-pointing movements from a standing position. Results: The main differences were (1) an earlier activation of the left Obliquus internus in MCI compared with OA group, (2) an earlier activation for the MCI compared with both OA and YA. The temporal differences in muscle synergies between MCI and OA groups were linked with executive functions of MCI patients, assessed by the trail making test. Moreover, the results show a delayed activation of the right Biceps Femoris and the right Erector Spinae at 13 in MCI and OA compared with YA. Interpretation: The motor program changes highlighted in our patient MCI group suggest that discrete modifications of the motor command seem to exist even in the absence of functional impairment. Instead of showing an indication of delayed muscle activation in the MCI patients, our results highlight some early activation of several trunk muscles.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01415231
Contributeur : Caps - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : lundi 12 décembre 2016 - 19:13:17
Dernière modification le : vendredi 24 mai 2019 - 16:54:44

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Alexandre Kubicki, Lilian Fautrelle, Julien Bourrelier, Olivier Rouaud, France Mourey. The Early Indicators of Functional Decrease in Mild Cognitive Impairment. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2016, 8 (193), ⟨http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnagi.2016.00193/full⟩. ⟨10.3389/fnagi.2016.00193⟩. ⟨hal-01415231⟩

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