Health-related quality of life results from the PRODIGE 5/ACCORD 17 randomised trial of FOLFOX versus fluorouracil–cisplatin regimen in oesophageal cancer

Abstract : Background A recent prospective randomised trial did not reveal significant differences in median progression-free survival between two chemoradiotherapy (CRT) regimens for inoperable non-metastatic oesophageal cancer patients. This secondary analysis aimed to describe the impact of CRT on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), physical functioning, dysphagia, fatigue and pain and to evaluate whether baseline HRQOL domains can predict overall survival. Patients and methods A total of 267 patients were randomly assigned to receive with 50 Gy of radiotherapy in 25 fractions six cycles of FOLFOX or four cycles of fluorouracil and cisplatin on day 1. HRQOL was prospectively assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire version 3.0 with the oesophageal cancer module (QLQ-OES18). Results Both groups showed high baseline compliance. Subsequently, compliance reduced to 41% at the 6-month follow-up. Baseline HRQOL scores showed no statistical differences between treatment arms. During treatment, both groups exhibited lower physical and social functioning and increased fatigue and dyspnoea, although dysphagia moderately improved in the fluorouracil–cisplatin arm only (p = 0.047). During follow-up, HRQOL scores revealed no significant differences between chemotherapy regimens. Linear mixed model exhibited a treatment-by-time interaction effect for dysphagia (p = 0.017) with a greater decrease in dysphagia in the fluorouracil–cisplatin group. Time until definitive deterioration analysis showed no significant differences in global HRQOL, functional or main symptom domains. However, time until definitive deterioration was significantly longer for the fluorouracil and cisplatin arm compared with FOLFOX for appetite loss (p = 0.002), QLQ-OES-18 pain (p = 0.008), trouble swallowing saliva (p = 0.011) and trouble talking (p = 0.020). Conclusion Analyses of HRQOL scores revealed no statistically significant differences between patients with inoperable non-metastatic oesophageal cancer treated by FOLFOX versus those treated with a fluorouracil–cisplatin regimen as part of definitive CRT.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01688845
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : vendredi 19 janvier 2018 - 17:49:52
Dernière modification le : mardi 19 mars 2019 - 16:50:07

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C. Bascoul-Mollevi, S. Gourgou, M.-P. Galais, J.-L. Raoul, O. Bouche, et al.. Health-related quality of life results from the PRODIGE 5/ACCORD 17 randomised trial of FOLFOX versus fluorouracil–cisplatin regimen in oesophageal cancer. European Journal of Cancer, Elsevier, 2017, 84, pp.239 - 249. ⟨http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959804917311589?via%3Dihub⟩. ⟨10.1016/j.ejca.2017.07.038⟩. ⟨hal-01688845⟩

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