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Solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity of the breast harbors specific morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular profile in comparison with other benign or malignant papillary lesions of the breast: a comparative study of 9 additional cases

Abstract : Solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity is a rare breast cancer of favorable prognosis that can be difficult to diagnose. We report here nine additional cases of this tumor, and we describe its morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular profile in comparison to other types of papillary and micropapillary lesions of the breast that are intraductal papilloma with usual ductal hyperplasia, encapsulated papillary carcinoma, solid papillary carcinoma and invasive micropapillary carcinoma. We studied nine cases of this special papillary tumor and six of each other types mentioned above. We found that solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity harbor specific morphologic features as cuboid or tall cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasms located at the basal pole giving the impression of reverse nuclear polarity. Nuclei were sometimes grooved. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated the lack of myoepithelial cells, as in encapsulated papillary carcinoma and solid papillary carcinoma, questioning their invasive nature. Seven of nine solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity showed a low Ki67 proliferative index (Ki67 <5%). They showed expression of CK5/6 as in intraductal papilloma with usual ductal hyperplasia. They showed expression of calretinin and a low or lack of hormonal receptor (HR) expression that were not observed in other breast tumors studied. By whole-exome analysis, seven of nine solid papillary carcinomas with reverse polarity (78%) harbored a hotspot mutation in IDH2 (R172) that was totally absent in other groups. Six of nine tumors (67%) also harbored PRUNE2 mutation, including the two IDH2 wild-type cases. We also demonstrated for the first time in this breast tumor, immunostaining with a specific antibody IDH1/2 mutant R132/R172 (7/9) that can highlight IDH2 mutation. Moreover, transcriptomic analysis showed that proteoglycan pathway was significantly enriched. Our findings support the fact that solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity is a singular breast neoplasm that can be distinguished from other papillary breast tumors.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01834173
Contributeur : Lnc - Université de Bourgogne <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 juillet 2018 - 11:50:59
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:10:25

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Nadjla Alsadoun, Gaetan Macgrogan, Caroline Truntzer, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Isabelle Bedgedjian, et al.. Solid papillary carcinoma with reverse polarity of the breast harbors specific morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular profile in comparison with other benign or malignant papillary lesions of the breast: a comparative study of 9 additional cases. Modern Pathology, Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Hybrid Model Option B, 2018, 31 (9), pp.1367-1380. ⟨10.1038/s41379-018-0047-1⟩. ⟨hal-01834173⟩

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